Fat Leonard p. 1 Fat Leonard p. 2 (here)
Singapore Technology: Singapore Area Related Corruption Issues
ST (Singapore Technologies) Composite
Seatrade-Maritime: Two former ST Marine [Singapore Technologies Marine] executives plead guilty to corruption.
By Lee Hong Liang (08/2016)
Excerpt: The corruption scandal took place between 2000 and 2009, and the men were charged in December 2014
and July 2015.
Straits Times: Former ST Marine [Singapore Technologies Marine] president given short detention order, corruption
charges withdrawn. By Ng Huiwen. (01/2017)
Excerpt: Court documents showed that at least $24.9 million in bribes, which were falsely claimed as
entertainment expenses, were paid by ST Marine between 2000 and 2011….Chang was charged last month
(December) under the Companies Act, which also involved ignoring information that pointed to criminal
wrongdoing at ST Marine.
VT Systems: Excerpt from About Section: VT Systems is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Singapore Technologies
Engineering Ltd (ST Engineering), an integrated engineering group providing solutions and services in the
aerospace, electronics, land systems and marine sectors. ST Engineering ranks among the largest companies listed
on the Singapore Exchange… Since its establishment in 2001, Vision Technologies Systems, Inc. (VT Systems) has
made a name for itself as a global leader in the engineering industry. Providing a wide range of services, solutions,
and products to the aerospace, electronics, land systems, and marine sectors, VT Systems fulfills a variety of
commercial and military demands in the U.S. and globally. Our company’s key offerings include shipbuilding,
custom truck bodies and trailers, satellite-based broadband access solutions, rugged computer systems, training
and simulation tool-kits, aircraft maintenance and repair, and the design and installation of luxury aircraft interiors.
With 12 operating companies, offices in Abu Dhabi, UAE, and Sao Paolo, Brazil, and more than 5,000 employees
worldwide, VT Systems is an international company with global reach headquartered in the United States.
ST Aerospace: “We Keep Aircraft Flying Safely"
Other - Related or Possible Related
Aragoncillo, Leondro -- Filipono spy FBI
https //en wikipedia org/wiki/Leandro_Aragoncillo
Aragoncillo is a former FBI intelligence analyst and a retired United States Marine Corps gunnery-sergeant who
was convicted of spying against the United States Government in 2007. A naturalized Filipino-American, he was
charged with espionage and with leaking classified information to the regime of a former Filipino president. The
FBI labeled Aragoncillo the first known case of espionage within the history of the White House. For over thirty-
one months, from 1999 to 2001, Aragoncillo was assigned under Vice President Al Gore and then later under Vice
President Dick Cheney. Hired to work for the FBI at the Army's Ft. Monmouth base in New Jersey in July 2004,
Aragoncillo began sending classified documents in January 2005, according to a federal complaint. On October 5,
2005, Aragoncillo was indicted and arrested in New Jersey for espionage. Federal agents accused him of stealing
classified information, including details about the current President of the Philippines, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
and then passing that information onto opposition leaders in the Philippines. According to reports compiled by
Filipino intelligence professionals, there were indications of a link between Aragoncillo and the French intelligence
service, Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure. Frequent visits by Aragoncillo to Manila allegedly were
interspersed with clandestine meetings between identified, French operatives and several "illegals" (i.e.
unregistered agents) around 2002 to 2004.
https //en wikipedia org/wiki/Leandro_Aragoncillo
Across Various Groups Linked to the Fat Leonard Case
List of Navy involved (and others)
Head of Navy - Input on Case
Richardson, John. Admiral, Chief of Naval Operations - responsible for ultimate oversight involving Fat
Leonard Case and other issues: Indicates “This behavior is inconsistent with our standards and the
expectations the nation has for us as military professionals. It damages the trust that the nation places in us,
and is an embarrassment to the Navy.” (See Federal News Radio below)
As of March 2017, about 30 admirals under investigation, handful of names gone public (see RT 03/15/2017)
Branch, Ted. (aka “Twig”) Vice Admiral. Director of Naval Intelligence. (see below Washington Post 07/2015)
Gilbeau, Robert. Admiral. Robert Gilbeau first active-duty Navy admiral in modern history to be convicted of
a felony. Gilbeau's awards i
nclude the Legion of Merit, a Bronze Star, the Purple Heart, four Meritorious
Service Medals, a Navy Unit Commendation and a Combat Action Ribbon. (See Defense News 06/09/2016
Jansen, Adrian. Rear Admiral (See Wikipedia below)
Kraft, Terry B. Rear Admiral, former commander of US Naval Forces Japan. (NA/US Navy)
Loveless, Bruce. Rear Admiral, a recently retired Navy intelligence officer. Pentagon.
Miller, Michael H. Vice Admiral, former superintendent of the Naval Academy. (NA/US Navy)
Pimpo, David R. Rear Admiral. Former Commander of Naval Supply Systems Command. (A supply officer).
Aruffo, Edmond. Lt. Commander - April 2009: Retired Lt. Cmdr. Edmond Aruffo takes a job as the country
manager for GDMA operations in Japan (see San Diego Tribune 011/14/2015)
Debord, Gentry. Lt. Commander. Supply officer. 41-year-old convicted of taking bribes and
prostitutes.Debord pleaded guilty in October. He blamed his addiction to sex for agreeing to serve as a mole
for Francis. He was sentenced to 30 months confinement. (See Washington Post 03/18/2017 below) Was
based in Singapore at time of arrest.
Malaki, Todd. Lt. Commander. Supply officer Blue Ridge and John S. McCain, and logistics officer Military
Sealift Command. Navy lieutenant commander who slipped Francis proprietary and confidential military
documents in exchange for gifts. Pleaded guilty April 15, 2015. Sentenced to three years, four months in
prison. (See San Diego Trib. key players photo gallery 11/14/2015 below)
Misiewicz, Michael Vannak Khem. (See Military Corruption below)
Pitts, Bobby R. Commander, Supply Officer. Pitts was the Officer in Charge of the Navy’s Fleet Industrial
Supply Command (FISC), which was charged with meeting the logistical needs of the U.S. Navy’s Seventh
Fleet. Of Chesapeake, Virginia at time of arrest.
Sanchez, Jose. LCDR (see Military Corruption below)
Shedd, Stephen F. Active Duty Commander.
de Guzman, Enrico. (aka Rick) Retired Marine Colonel.
Brooks, Michael George. From June 2006 to July 2008, Brooks served as the U.S. Naval Attaché at the U.S.
Embassy in Manila, Philippines. (see Paul Davis 06/2016 below) Of Fairfax Station, Virginia at time of arrest.
Dusek, Daniel. Captain. [Gilbeau] supplants Capt. Daniel Dusek, the former deputy director of operations for
the Navy's 7th Fleet, as the highest-ranking officer to plead guilty. In March, Dusek was sentenced to 46
months in prison and ordered to pay $30,000 in restitution and a $70,000 fine. There is a photo of him on
Washington Post with a caption that reads: U.S. Navy Capt. Daniel Dusek, center, walks through chief
sideboys during a chief petty officer pinning ceremony aboard amphibious assault ship USS Bonhomme
Richard in 2012. Dusek handed over classified ship schedules and steered aircraft carriers to “fat revenue
ports” controlled by Glenn Defense in return for prostitutes, alcohol and stays at luxury hotels (see
Washington Post, 05/27/2016 below)
Doland, James. (aka “JD”) Active Duty Captain.
Haas, David. Captain, USNA graduate, USS Blue Ridge (See Military Corruption)
Lausman, David. (aka “Too Tall”) Retired Captain.
Horbeck, Donald. (aka “Bubbles”) Retired Captain.
Newland, David. (aka “Newly”) Retired Captain.
Beliveau II, John. Former special agent of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service. Pleaded guilty in
December 2013 to bribery and conspiracy to commit bribery; sentenced in October 2016 to 12 years in prison.
(See Military Corruption, Wikipedia below) He had recently been named NCIS Agent of the Year (See 20
Gorsuch, Robert. Retired Chief Warrant Officer.
Herrera, Mario. (aka Choke or Choke OIC)
Layug: Daniel. (see Washington Post 01/21/2016) an enlisted sailor with a weakness for electronic bling, was
an easy mark. Over a three-year period, he repeatedly downloaded classified documents and other sensitive
information about Navy operations in Asia, and handed it over for a low, low price, according to federal court
Kaur-Rachael, Sharon Gursharan (usually seen as Sharon Gursharan Kaur). Starting in 2006, Sharon
Gursharan Kaur, a Singapore national who worked for the Navy, leaked confidential contract information to
Francis for about $100,000 in cash and luxury vacations in Bali and Dubai, according to the Singapore
Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau.Kaur has been charged with corruption and money-laundering
offenses in Singapore. (See Washington Post, 05/27/2016 below).
Simpkins, Paul. Civilian. (see Washington Post, 05/27/2016 below). Supervisory contract specialist for the
Navy in Singapore. 02/28/2006 - Simpkins gets $50,000 in cash in an envelope at a hotel bar meeting with
Francis (See San Diego Tribune 11/2015 below)Simpkins left the Singapore office that year to become a senior
contracting executive for the Justice Department and later for the Defense Department. Prosecutors have
accused him of maintaining a relationship with Francis while he worked in Washington (see Washington
Post, 05/27/2016 below)
Other Possible Connections to Scandal:
Mullen, Mike. Admiral. photo: a photo shows Leonard with Admiral Mike Mullen. (See below Washington
Post below, 05/27/2016 and Paul Davis on Crime, 05/28/2016) Admiral Michael Mullen retires after fours years
of serving as the nation's highest-ranking military officer in both the Bush and Obama administrations, the
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Michael Mullen, retired.
New York Times: Admiral Michael Mullen Retires. By Vijai Singh
Wikipedia: As Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff, Mullen was the highest-ranking officer in the United States
Armed Forces. He retired from the Navy after over 43 years of service. Mullen is now a Professor at Princeton
Donnelly, John J. “Many of crew are still talking about the great adventures they experienced,” then-Capt.
John J. Donnelly, then 7th Fleet chief of staff, said in a March 10, 2000, letter. He lauded Francis’s “warm
hospitality,” calling it “truly remarkable” and that it “will long be remembered by all of us.” Donnelly would
become a three-star admiral and commander of all U.S. submarine forces. Now retired, Donnelly said he had
no memory of ever meeting Francis and that the letter was “a pro forma thank you note” generated by his
staff. “I probably signed hundreds of similar letters during my two years in that job,” he added. (see
Washington Post, 05/27/2016 below)
Willard, Robert F. Vice Admiral. “Dear Leonard,” wrote then-Vice Adm. Robert F. Willard, then the 7th Fleet
commander, on June 3, 2003. “Thank you for the top-notch hospitality. Your timely efforts and service will
remain unparalleled.” Willard would become a four-star admiral and commander of all U.S. military forces in
the Pacific. Now retired, he declined to comment.
(See Washington Post, 05/27/2016).
Greenert, Jonathan. Vice Admiral. “Thank you for the superb services,” gushed then-Vice Adm. Jonathan
Greenert, the next commander of the 7th Fleet, on March 9, 2006. “Over the years, the reputation of Glenn
Marine remains exceptional. . . . Keep up the great work. I wish you and your staff the very best and continued
success!” Greenert would become chief of naval operations, the top job in the Navy. He retired last year and
declined to comment. (see Washington Post, 05/27/2016).
Locklear, Sam. Admiral. One brochure, published in 2008, shows Francis, smiling, in a collage of photos with
Greenert and Willard and Adm. Sam Locklear, who later became commander of U.S. forces in the Pacific.
(See Washington Post, 05/27/2016).
Roughead, Gary. A chief of naval operations. Declined to comment. Photo with Frances. (See Washington
Glenn Marine (and one ship)
Glenn Marine Defense Asia
Francis, Leonard Glenn. CEO of an outfit called Glenn Defense Marine Asia. GDMA specialized in providing
support services to ships of the Navy’s Seventh Fleet operating in the Pacific and Indian Ocean
Wisidagama, Alex. One of the executives from Singapore-based Glenn Defense Marine Asia who have
pleaded guilty in the case is Alex Wisidagama who was sentenced in March to 63 months in prison and
payment of $34.8 million in restitution to the Navy.
Glenn Braveheart. (Not a Navy ship, but one belonging to Leonard Francis) - The Glenn Braveheart seen in
Singapore in 2006. When in port, Francis would sometimes turn the Braveheart into a giant party boat, with
prostitutes in the wardroom to entertain U.S. officers, according to court records and interviews. In another
display of panache, he purchased an aging, decommissioned British warship, the RFA Sir Lancelot. He
refurbished and renamed it the Glenn Braveheart.The vessel became the flagship of his fleet, and it would
often deploy alongside the USS Blue Ridge, the 7th Fleet’s flagship. When in port, Francis would sometimes
turn the Braveheart into a giant party boat, with prostitutes in the wardroom to entertain U.S. officers,
according to court records and interviews.(photo with caption and article text - see Washington Post
Fat Leonard: Companies, Military Positions, Investigators
Legal, Investigators, Cases
Legal Sources - Procedings/Report(s)
Justice dot gov: Records in U.S. District Court in San Diego; U.S. Navy
Trading Secrets - Incident Examples
Don’t be distracted! Do not lose sight of the real issues by the ongoingly repeated lists of perks received by
Navy personnel in return for providing information; stay focused on what secrets were given to Francis over
the years. As for the perks, find out suppliers of material products - like cigars, wine, etc. - as they could be
part of the scandal.
Sanchez. By early 2009, Sanchez is regularly sending Francis classified information on ship schedules…Oct.
16, 2009: Sanchez sends a Facebook message to Francis telling him the Navy is questioning $110,000 GDMA
billed for force protection — or surrounding Navy ships with barges for security — while at a port in Malaysia.
…Beliveau (July) sends an email to Francis, discussing the NCIS investigation and strategies for the company
to deal with the questions…On Aug. 24 Dusek emails Francis that the carrier and its strike group will be
stopping at the port in October…Dec. 3, 2011: In an email, Sanchez tells Francis of another Navy investigation
into GDMA billing. Francis brushes it off. “I have inside intel from NCIS and read all the reports,” he writes.
Layug gave schedules of ships. (see San Diego Tribune 11/14/2015). The indictment also alleges that Brooks
provided Francis with sensitive Navy information, including billing information belonging to a GDMA
competitor and Navy ship schedules. (Paul Davis on Crime, 05/2016). U.S. Navy Capt. Daniel Dusek: Dusek
handed over classified ship schedules and steered aircraft carriers to “fat revenue ports” controlled by Glenn
Defense in return for prostitutes, alcohol and stays at luxury hotels (See Washington Post 05/27/2016 below)
Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS) Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) Defense Contract
Audit Agency (DCAA)
The Australian Federal Police ; Singapore Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau.
Whistleblowers, Questioners of Over-billing or other issues
Schaus, David. A junior officer assigned to the Navy’s Ship Support Office in Hong Kong, became livid after
receiving a huge invoice from Glenn Defense in 2004. Schaus said it charged the Navy for pumping 100,000
gallons of sewage from a destroyer that spent four days in port — an impossible amount, because the ship’s
tanks held just 12,000 gallons and were serviced only once a day. Schaus told The Post that he summoned
Francis for an explanation. “He became furious, accusing me of calling him a liar. And I told him, ‘I am calling
you a liar.’ He said, ‘Lieutenants don’t tell me what to do. Do you know who I am?’ He was being profane and
banging on the table.” Afterward, Schaus said he was told by other Navy officials to back off, something that
he said invariably happened when he raised questions about Glenn Defense.The company “was rotten from
the first day I worked with them in 2004, and everyone knew they were rotten,” Schaus said. “Everyone knew
what was going on, and it was just accepted as the way it was. If you tried to rock the boat, you got
squashed.” (See Washington Post, 05/27/2016 below).
Cases (partial list)
Brooks, Pitts, Debord: From Paul Davis on Crime (see 05/2016 below)
Retired Navy Captain Michael Brooks, 57, of Fairfax Station, Virginia; Commander Bobby Pitts, 47, of
Chesapeake, Virginia; and Lieutenant Commander Gentry Debord, 47, who is based in Singapore, were
charged on May 25, 2016, in the Southern District of California
Assistant Attorney General Leslie R. Caldwell of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division, U.S. Attorney
Laura E. Duffy of the Southern District of California, Acting Director Dermot O’Reilly of the Department of
Defense’s Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS), Director Andrew Traver of the Naval Criminal
Investigative Service (NCIS) and Director Anita Bales of Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) made the
Ships and Ports: Military, Associated Ships, Locations
7th Fleet - United States Navy
USS Blue Ridge. The command flagship for the Navy’s 7th Fleet, that is, it is the command ship which contains the
headquarters of the U.S. Navy's Seventh Fleet, based in Yokosuka, Japan.
USS Ronald Reagan. (CVN-76) Eighteen months later, the cycle repeated itself when another aircraft carrier [this
USS Ronald Reagan, following the USS Decatur’s earlier visit] visited Hong Kong. (See Washington Post 05/27/2016
Rear Adm. Michael H. Miller, commander of the USS Ronald Reagan carrier strike group, knew Francis well.
USS Essex. (ie, Debord)
USS Decatur. In Hong Kong harbor, the guided-missile destroyer USS Decatur rests at anchor during a three-day
port call in December 2004. When a Navy official in Singapore flagged questionable bills from Glenn Defense
stemming from the port visit, one of Francis's alleged moles nipped the inquiry in the bud, according to
prosecutors.“Do not request any invoices from this ship,” Simpkins ordered his colleague in an email, according to
court records. “Do not violate this instruction. Contact the ship and rescind your request.”(see Washington Post
05/27/2016 below with photo, which was also found on Paul Davis on Crime 05/2016, also see below)
Lake Erie. Cruiser -Feb. 1-4, 2010: The cruiser Lake Erie arrives in Sukomo, Japan, for a visit. The Navy says GDMA
submitted inflated invoices totaling $234,902 for the visit.(see San Diego Tribune 11/14/2015)
Abraham Lincoln. Aircraft carrier - Laem Chabang, Thailand
Emory Land. Submarine (overbilling issue)
Columbia - submarine (overbilling issue)
Mustin -destroyer - Laem Chabang, Thailand, a Navy port where Navy operations are handled by GDMA (see San
Diego Tribune 11/14/2015)
John C. Stennis - Malaysia
Ships Serviced In:
Thailand-Laem Chabang, Thailand
Related commands or organizations
Naval Supply Systems Command (ie, Rear Admiral David Pimpo - former Commander)
Naval Intelligence (ie, Vice Admiral Ted “Twig” Branch)
Navy League. The firm became a leading sponsor of the Navy League of the United States, a civilian nonprofit
group that advocates on behalf of the Navy.
Related International Naval
Royal Australian Navy (Radio Australia Net)
Yokosuka Naval Base - Japan
---end Ships and Ports---
Historic Singapore, contextual background, USA Relations, Post-9/11 Environment (Singapore-USA):
CNN: Intelligence from Afghanistan breaks Singapore plot. By Barbara Starr. (01/11/2002)
Excerpt: WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Singapore has broken an al Qaeda plot targeting the U.S. Navy presence
there as the direct result of intelligence gathered in Afghanistan, U.S. officials told CNN on Friday. The plot,
these sources say, included plans to attack U.S. Navy ships, sailors and the nightspots they frequent. The
17,000 Americans living in Singapore and other expatriates were also among the targets.
Al Qaeda - Singapore Connection 2002 Plots in Singapore Shortly Before Fat Leonard Scandals and Around Time of
2002 Al Qaeda thwarted terrorist plot: Related Issue to Fat Leonard Case? Keep at Top of Mind for further
investigation. Did the attack go underground or change form via Fat Leonard)
Please notice the following in terms of what was to be attacked:
-nightspots that Navy sailors frequent - this brings us closer to wine n’ dine, prostitutes involved in Fat Leonard
- US Navy ships - numbers of shipped targeted for overbilling, etc. in Fat Leonard case, and their projected port
calls made known to outsiders (Fat Leonard).
CNN: Intelligence from Afghanistan breaks Singapore plot. By Barbara Starr (01/11/2002)
Excerpts from CNN (link above):
How plot was thwarted
U.S. officials say the ring was broken up because of intelligence the U.S. military gained inside Afghanistan while
searching al-Qaeda hideouts.
Singapore says it had a handle on the problem from the beginning -- without U.S. assistance
Terrorist or Related Organizations involved in Singapore thwarted attack
-Moro Islamic Liberation Front (Philippines)
-Jemaah Islamiya (Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia)
-Ibnu Umar (See Straits TImes 2013 article in continuted below)
Jemaah Islamiya: a clandestine organization that has cells in Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia. Eight of them
had gone to al Qaeda camps in Afghanistan for training that included use of AK-47s and mortars and study of
military tactics, they said, and the group's leader in Singapore, Ibrahim Maidin, underwent military training in
Afghanistan in 1993.
Moro Islamic Liberation Front in the Philippines: Two of the 15 people who were arrested were released, but
ordered not to contact any terrorist organization for the next two years. They had donated money to religious
organizations involved with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in the Philippines, where they had visited a training
camp, but were not members of Jemaah
Al Qaeda -Singapore Plots: Jemaah Islamiya What is Jemaah Islamiya?
Jemaah Islamiah is a Southeast Asian militant extremist Islamist terror group dedicated to the establishment of a
Daulah Islamiyah in Southeast Asia
Possible Australia link to Jemaah Islamiya - Halal (a few Australians involved in Fat Leonard)
Plot: Afghan related organization called Jemaah Islamiya in Singapore:
Plot against Navy in January 2002, very shortly after 9/11: The plot, these sources say, included plans to attack U.S.
Navy ships, sailors and the nightspots they frequent. The 17,000 Americans living in Singapore and other
expatriates were also among the targets. People: Ibrahim Maidin, underwent military training in Afghanistan in
1993. Mohamed Khalim bin Jaffar, Mohamed Elias.
What was under surveillance by the terrorists: the Embassy and Australia came up in Fat Leonard
The group also carried out surveillance of the U.S. Embassy, the Australian High Commission, the Israeli Embassy
and commercial buildings housing U.S. companies in conjunction with a group from outside Singapore
Three terrorist cells: Authorities said three cells were involved in planning attacks: First cell: One was to target a
shuttle bus service used by U.S. personnel in Singapore, and Singapore official said a videotape made by its leader,
Mohamed Khalim bin Jaffar, was found in the rubble of an al-Qaeda leader's house in Afghanistan. For unknown
reasons, the plan was not carried out. Under a second plan, U.S. Navy vessels northeast of Singapore between
Changi and Pulau Tekong may have been targeted for bombing. Khalim's possessions included a map that showed
observation posts in Singapore and Johor and a "kill zone" in the channel between Changi and Pulau Tekong.
Authorities said he had a list of more than 200 U.S. companies in Singapore, two tampered Singapore passports, 15
forged Malaysian and Philippines immigration stamps, night-vision binoculars and papers describing how to make
bombs. Second cell: The second cell obtained photographs in April 2000 of Paya Lebar Air Base and the U.S. planes
there as a potential target. The pictures were found among bin Jaffar's possessions. The group also carried out
surveillance of the U.S. Embassy, the Australian High Commission, the Israeli Embassy and commercial buildings
housing U.S. companies in conjunction with a group from outside Singapore, two members of which told the cell
they had stockpiled four tons of ammonium nitrate in Malaysia and needed 17 more. Mohamed Elias, a 29-year-old
manager, tried to make the purchase but was arrested by Singapore authorities before he could do so. Third cell:
Authorities said a third cell formed after last September's terror attacks in the United States. They observed targets
that included U.S. companies, but stopped when they heard other suspects had been arrested by Singapore
Earlier plots discovered as early as Dec. 2001
Wikipedia: Singapore embassies attack plot
The Singapore embassies attack plot was a plan in 2001 by Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) to bomb the diplomatic missions
and attack personnel of the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Israel based in Singapore. There
were also several other targets. The plot was uncovered in December 2001 and as many as 15 people were arrested
in Singapore within a month. Further investigation and intelligence prompted the detention of another 26 persons
from 2002 to 2005. As of 2006, 37 of them were still being detained without trial, under the Internal Security Act.
Four had been released on restriction orders.
2003 and beyond: TPP, Australia, etc.: Free Trade Agreement (Singapore and related issues involving free
Earlier Pre-9/11 Environment (Singapore-USA)
Singapore Window: Lee's memoirs reveal covert aid to Khmer Rouge (10/02/2000)
Excerpt: South China Morning Post AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE in Phnom Penh: CAMBODIA'S genocidal Khmer
Rouge and allied non-communist insurgents received massive sums of largely covert aid from China, the United
States, Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand in the 1980s, according to Singapore Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew.As
much as US$1.3 billion was spent supporting rebel groups fighting Vietnamese and allied Cambodian forces after
Hanoi's invasion of Cambodia, which toppled the Khmer Rouge regime in 1979. "Our representative on the Thai-
Malaysian-Singaporean-US group that met in Bangkok to co-ordinate our programme estimated that the United
States dispensed a total of about US$150 million in covert aid to the non-communist groups," the former Singapore
leader said in his recently published memoirs. http://www.singapore-window.org/sw00/001002sc.htm
1988: Hendrickson Affair 2006 (est) - Current: Fat Leonard Case 2015: Asian Summit/Obama
2015 Asian Summit - Obama
Hendrickson Affair (1988)
Free Trade Agreement (2003)
Visa Waiver Country
Military Relations: Singapore has long standing military relations with the United States. The United States sells
arms to Singapore and provides access to its bases to train the Singaporean armed services outside of their small
city-state. Under the US-Singapore Strategic Framework Agreement, some US Navy littoral combat ships are to
rotationally deployed to Singapore.[15
Some sources listed on this wikipedia page:
Crossette, Barbara. (1988-05-08), "Singapore Asks Removal of U.S. Envoy", The New York Times, retrieved 2010-03-03
Brabenec, James. (2010-11-24), "Singaporeans get HIMARS qualified.", GlobalSecurity.org, retrieved 2011-03-17
Tomkins, Damien. (8 June 2011), "US Reaffirms Asia Role", The Diplomat, retrieved 2011-09-05
"Singaporean student numbers at US varsities hit 10-year high". Retrieved 11 February 2012.
"Channel Newsasia". Retrieved 11 February 2012.
Ambassador CHAN Heng Chee, Washington, D.C.: Singapore Embassy, retrieved 2010-03-12
Kirk Wagar. retrieved 2016-12-16
Bittersweet farewell for US ambassador to Singapore Kirk Wagar, hours before Trump's inauguration. MSN. 2017-01-
McFarland reportedly offered Singapore ambassador post. The Hill. 2017-04-01. Retrieved 2014-04-10.
Straits Times: The hidden journey of a Singapore JI detainee. By Shefali Rekhi, Assistant Foreign Editor (04/07/2013)
Excerpt: What is it that turns an individual to terrorism? And how difficult is it to get them to return to a life of
The life stories of those who take this journey and return offers insights…The training was to prepare JI members to
be operationally ready to overthrow the regional governments and establish a Daulah Islamiyah based on Syariah.
Robert C. Martinage, acting undersecretary of the Navy….and others
Stripes: Navy civilian’s affair uncovered during contracting probe
Washington Post: Navy’s second ranking civilian resigns amid criminal investigation. By Craig Whitlock.
Excerpt: In that case, three senior Navy intelligence officials who reported to Martinage are under investigation for
an alleged contracting scheme that charged the military $1.6 million for homemade silencers that cost only $8,000
to manufacture, court records show. Involves Mark S. Landersman mechanic (brother of one of the Navy
intelligence officials under scrutiny) and others.
Wikipedia: Tailhook Scandal: Macho culture which belittles women
New York Times: Revisiting the Military’s Tailhook Scandal. Michael Winerip. (05/13/2013)
Related Issues: Old Vietnam material, Cambodia - Khmer Rouge; Corporation Corruption Other Parts of
Other Corporations - Military contractors (supplies, technology, ships and human intervention/protection services)
Corp Watch: General Dynamics Corporation
Blackwater, the questionable use of private military contractors
Brookings dot edu: Peter Singer - The Dark Truth About Blackwater (10/02/2007)
Excerpt: When we evaluate the facts, the use of private military contractors appears to have harmed, rather than
helped, the counterinsurgency efforts of the U.S. mission in Iraq, going against our best doctrine and undermining
critical efforts of our troops. Even worse, the government can no longer carry out one of its most basic core
missions: to fight and win the nation’s wars. Instead, the massive outsourcing of military operations has created a
dependency on private firms like Blackwater that has given rise to dangerous vulnerabilities….Our dependency on
military contractors shows all the signs of the last downward spirals of an addiction. If we judge by what has
happened in Iraq, when it comes to counterinsurgency and the use of private military contractors, the U.S. has
locked its national security into a vicious cycle. It can’t win with them, but can’t go to war without them.
Later articles added
Fat Leonard Case (p. 2)