CHINA-2 China’s Takeovers Hong Kong, Taiwan, Tibet
IN THIS SECTION China-1 General China-2 Hong Kong; Taiwan (here) China-3 Vietnam, Communism China-4 Wuhan Issues China-5 Tech: AI - Artificial Intelligence, Surveillance, Tik Tok China-6 Articles Detail China-7 Links List See Also: China Censorship, Interference In/Of USA Media ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- HOW TO HELP HONG KONG See more in Articles The Federalist 2019/08/19 How The United States Can Support Self-Rule In Hong Kong Without Starting A War. By Helen Raleigh Free Beacon How to Help Hong Kong 2019/08/23 Column: Start by defending TaiwanMatthew Continetti Help Hong Kong https //www helphk info/ Human Rights Abuses in Hong Kong Al Jazeera 2020/04/18 China is committing human rights abuses in Hong Kong The international community must intervene because this is about the expansion of authoritarianism everywhere. Joshua Wong [Joshua Wong is a Hong Kong student activist and the Secretary-General of the Demosisto party.] https[colon] //www aljazeera com/opinions/2020/4/18/china-is-committing-human-rights-abuses-in-hong- kong/ Excerpt: The summer of 2019 in Hong Kong was one of protest; an unprecedented local movement with global effects that took to the streets to demand an end to the now-withdrawn extradition bill, which would have allowed for defendants to be extradited to mainland China, and an end to China’s authoritarian war against freedom and democracy. https[colon] //www aljazeera com/opinions/2020/4/18/china-is-committing-human-rights-abuses-in-hong- kong/ The Federalist 2019/08/19 How The United States Can Support Self-Rule In Hong Kong Without Starting A War. By Helen Raleigh https //thefederalist com/2019/08/19/united-states-can-support-self-rule-hong-kong-without-starting-war/ Excerpt: Hong Kongers are fighting for something we Americans know very well: freedom and the right to self-determination. We can help them, and we should. As the crisis in Hong Kong deepens, many Americans are asking: Should the United States intervene and stand by Hong Kong protesters? How can the United States effectively intervene without committing its military and resources to another long, expensive, and futile nation-building effort? Before answering these questions, we should establish several key understandings about Hong Kong. Since the 1997 handover, Beijing exercises sovereignty over Hong Kong. But Hong Kong is different from every other Chinese city. “The One Country, Two Systems” agreement signed by both the U.K. and China when the former stopped ruling Hong Kong stated that while China is in charge of Hong Kong’s defense and foreign policy, Hong Kong’s social and economic systems should remain unchanged, and Hong Kong “will be vested with executive, legislative and independent judicial power, including that of final adjudication.” As a separate customs territory and economic entity from the rest of China, Hong Kong is able to enter international agreements, join international organizations, maintain its own currency and foreign reserves, and issue its own travel documents. The extradition bill Hong Kong authorities have pushed at China’s behest will damage Hong Kong’s independent judicial system and endanger Hong Kongers’ political freedom. Why the United States Should Back Hong Kong The United States should intervene, for at least four reasons. First, the United States has significant economic interests in Hong Kong. According to the U.S. State Department, “There are more than 1,300 U.S. firms, including 726 regional operations, and approximately 85,000 American residents in Hong Kong.” Data from the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative shows that Hong Kong alone was the United States’s 10th-largest export market, and the United States enjoys a trade surplus of $33.8 billion with the city. Hong Kong also received more than $80 billion in U.S. foreign direct investment as of 2017. Thus, any effort to maintain the city’s free-market economic system is good for America and many Americans’ prosperity. Second, a politically free Hong Kong is good for U.S. national security. Hong Kong is an active member of U.S.-led counterterrorism efforts and plays an important role in tracking and cutting off funding for criminal and terrorist organizations and curtailing money laundering . The city also has long served as a window for outsiders to peek into the rest of China. Historically, the free access to the city enabled the West to gather information and intelligence about China. U.S. Navy warships used to make regular port calls in Hong Kong, sometimes averaging 60-70 visits annually before 1997. As recently as this week, China denied U.S. Navy port visits to the city occasionally as a punishment for what it calls the United States meddling with China’s internal affairs. As Hong Kong’s political climate worsens, the U.S. Navy may lose its access to the city more regularly or even indefinitely. Therefore, helping Hong Kong maintain its political freedom and independent judicial system is important to our national security. Third, the U.S. and China are engaging in a strategic competition. The U.S.-led liberal world order has maintained peace and prosperity for most of the world for seven decades since the end of World War II. In 1989, the United States and Western powers gave the Chinese government a pass after its brutal crackdown on a pro-democracy movement in Tiananmen Square, hoping continued economic engagement would make China more democratic. In the last three decades, however, China has become more authoritarian, more powerful, and has found more ways to challenge the United States and cause serious harm worldwide. Especially under President Xi Jinping, China has greatly expanded its political and economic influence and military presence around the world, aiming to replace the liberal world order with an authoritarian model with Chinese characteristics. No country other than the United States has the economic and military power to push back. If the United States does nothing and just lets China crack down on Hong Kong like another Tiananmen, countries around the world will read this as a definite win for China, and a defeat for the United States and the post-World War II liberal order. We will see more countries, even some of our allies, fall into China’s orbit, which won’t be good for U.S. security and prosperity. Last but not least, the United States should intervene and stand by Hong Kong protesters for a moral reason. Since its founding, the United States has served the unique role of being “the last best hope of earth,” in the words of Abraham Lincoln, and “a shining city upon a hill whose beacon light guides freedom-loving people everywhere,” according to Ronald Reagan. This is why in 1989, students erected a Chinese version of Lady Liberty in Tiananmen Square and read out loud “The Declaration of Independence.” This is also why Hong Kong protesters were seen waving American flags and singing the American national anthem… https //thefederalist com/2019/08/19/united-states-can-support-self-rule-hong-kong-without-starting-war/ Free Beacon How to Help Hong Kong 2019/08/23 Column: Start by defending TaiwanMatthew Continetti 2019--https //freebeacon com/columns/how-to-help-hong-kong/ Excerpt: In October 1950 the People's Liberation Army entered Tibet. The communists made short work of the Tibetan military. The following year, representatives of the Dalai Lama signed a treaty with the People's Republic of China (then all of two years old). The "Agreement of the Central People's Government and the Local Government of Tibet on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet," or the "Seventeen Point Agreement" for short, promised that Beijing would uphold Tibetan autonomy, refrain from interfering with Tibetan politics or with the affairs of the Dalai Lama, and respect the religious freedom of Tibetan Buddhists. These were words on a page. Before long, the Chinese Communists began to exert pressure over the Tibetan people. Occupation forces spread throughout the region. The authorities collectivized agriculture and broke down institutions of civil society. Farmers and militia rebelled. The resistance was quashed, and the Dalai Lama began an exile that continues today. Tibet, like Xinjiang province to its north, is a cantonment of the People's Republic. The Seventeen Point Agreement is the model for Chinese territorial acquisitions. Verbal pledges of freedom are meaningless. What matters is the correlation of forces and facts on the ground. Communists have no trouble speaking of autonomy and local control. Until the moment Beijing dominates the councils of government and independent power centers have been crushed. In June 1984, Deng Xiaoping pledged that reunification of Hong Kong and Macau with the mainland would be conducted according to the principle of "one country, two systems." Deng also mentioned the island redoubt of the nationalists defeated in China's civil war. "The mainland with its one billion people will maintain the socialist system," he said, "while Hong Kong and Taiwan continue under the capitalist system." Taiwan was no imperial possession. It has been independent of the People's Republic for its entire life. It's held free and direct presidential elections since 1996. For Beijing, this island of 23 million is simply another lost province that one day will be repossessed. Hong Kong returned to Chinese control in 1997. Macau followed two years later. For the last two decades, Beijing tightened its coils around Hongkongers. And while many grievances drive the protest movement that has rocked Hong Kong since July 1, perhaps the most significant is the recognition that the mainland is losing interest in upholding the pretense of "one country, two systems." The extradition law that Hong Kong chief executive Carrie Lam was forced to table would have put the lie to Deng's guarantees. At issue is whether a one-party surveillance state, with up to a million ethno-religious minorities imprisoned in a single region, really can include free societies on its periphery. It can't. Which is why the protests smack of both idealistic creativity and fatalistic desperation. There is pathos to the civic unrest, to the images of a million umbrellas in the rain. Everyone involved in this situation, participant and observer alike, is aware that across Shenzhen Bay sit more than 10,000 riot police ready to demonstrate the meaninglessness of "one country, two systems." For the dominions of the People's Republic of China, there is only one country, one system. At whose pinnacle resides Xi Jinping. Hong Kong puts Xi in a curious position. He has spent much of his tenure solidifying his position by purging elements within the party opposed to his vision of a Maoist revival. His elimination of the term limits that would have required him to step down in 2022 did not grant him omnipotence. He didn't anticipate having to deal with President Trump, nor with the fallout from Trump's retaliation against Chinese mercantilism. His economy is slowing ahead of the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic. When confronted with domestic strife, autocrats distract publics by identifying external threats. Xi has taken up a renewed interest in Taiwan. Last October, he told PLA forces to "concentrate preparations for fighting a war." In January, he said, "Unification between the two sides of the strait is the great trend of history," under the rubric of "one country, two systems." He went on, "The private property, religious beliefs, and legitimate rights and interests of Taiwanese compatriots will be fully assured." Somewhere the Dalai Lama is laughing. Hongkongers decided to do more than laugh. They decided to resist. In so doing, they not only exercised the will to freedom. They undermined the legitimacy of the Chinese Communist Party during the run up to a historical marker, and reminded Taiwanese (who don't need much reminding) of the vacuity of "one country, two systems." The protest movement deserves moral support. It also has created an opportunity to weaken an adversary. What is happening in Hong Kong is just as much about strategy as it is about values. When Hong Kong is pacified, Xi will once again return his attention to Taiwan. And if Taiwan is ever forcibly integrated with the PRC, then Xi and the People's Liberation Army Navy will have broken through the first island chain separating China from the Pacific. Chinese hegemony will loom. It won't be benign. Help Hong Kong by supporting democratic freedoms, and by threatening consequences if Beijing should repress the protests violently. But also remember that words only get you so far. If you really cared about the future of democracy in the Indo-Pacific, then you would support the policies of the Trump administration by reinforcing Taiwan and conducting freedom of navigation operations through the Taiwan Strait. Only the self-confident assertion of power will prevent the region from suffering the same fate as Tibet. 2019--https //freebeacon com/columns/how-to-help-hong-kong/ Help Hong Kong https //www helphk info/ What happened to Hong Kong since its return to China? The rule of Chinese government is threatening the basic human rights of Hong Kong citizens. Blood and violence from the police is omnipresent. [Accessed from Internet 2021/02/07] HRW 2019/12/02 Hong Kong Protests https //www hrw org/blog-feed/hong-kong-protests Excerpt: Prior to Hong Kong’s transfer to Chinese sovereignty in 1997, people in the territory were promised that rights and freedoms would be ensured under Hong Kong and international law. Over the next two decades, people used peaceful means to press for these rights, but the Hong Kong and Beijing governments have repeatedly backtracked. In February 2019, Hong Kong authorities proposed legal revisions allowing criminal suspects to be extradited to mainland China, where due process rights are routinely violated. This prompted massive, largely peaceful protests starting in June. While authorities scrapped the revisions, they have ignored other demands, including for an investigation into excessive use of force by the police, while imposing new restrictions on expression and assembly. China: Respect Rights of Hong Kong Protesters The Chinese government should respect the fundamental rights of Hong Kong’s people rather than target nongovernmental organizations, Human Rights Watch said today. A Chinese official threatened to impose unspecified “sanctions” against Human Rights Watch and several US-based pro-democracy organizations, according to the state-run Xinhua news agency on December 2, 2019. https //www hrw org/blog-feed/hong-kong-protests New York Post 2020/05/21 China’s sudden rush to crush Hong Kong’s freedom. By Post Editorial Board https://nypost.com/2020/05/21/chinas-sudden-rush-to-crush-hong-kongs-freedom/ Excerpt: Proving its word worthless, Beijing is moving to crush Hong Kong’s liberties 27 years ahead of schedule, in blatant violation of the deal that saw Britain hand rule of the city over to the mainland. Specifically, China has ordered the national legislature to pass a new law for Hong Kong, bypassing the island’s Legislative Council. Put simply, it will criminalize protest and dissent, treating it as subversion, treason or foreign interference — and allowing mainland officials to “legally” crack down on whatever the hell they want. This also leaves Hong Kong’s huge democracy movement helpless to block the legislation, as it did last year’s extradition bill that would’ve sent the accused to the mainland for “justice.” China moves to ban secessionist protests in Hong Kong: The Chinese Communist Party is claiming the law is about “safeguarding national security,” and so not fit for the LegCo but for the mainland National People’s Congress, whose annual meeting starts Friday. Over the last year, the CCP and its puppets have quashed Hong Kong’s anti-regime booksellers, arrested many top democracy advocates (such as barrister Martin Lee and media tycoon Jimmy Lai) and made it a crime to insult the national anthem. Now the finale. https //www hrw org/blog-feed/hong-kong-protests Washington Post 2020/05/22 China’s full-scale assault on democracy in Hong Kong https //www washingtonpost com/opinions/global-opinions/chinas-full-scale-assault-on-democracy-in- hong-kong-demands-a-us-response--but-a-careful-one/2020/05/22/5018cdc2-9c51-11ea-ac72- 3841fcc9b35f_story html 204/11/26 Hong Kong police clear protest site https //www washingtonpost com/world/hong-kong-police-clear-protest-site/2014/11/26/0746161a-7545- 11e4-a755-e32227229e7b_story html?utm_term=.59e82af7eea1 WSJ dot com Hong Kong/Mong Kok police controls of pro-democracy efforts http://www.wsj.com/articles/mong-kok-becomes-wild-card-for-hong-kong-protesters- TAIWAN American Military News 2021/08/05 China threatens US after Biden approves his 1st US arms sale to Taiwan. By Ryan Morgan. 2021/08/05--https://americanmilitarynews.com/2021/08/china-threatens-us-after-biden-approves-his-1st-us-arms- sales-to-taiwan/ Daily Caller 2021/06/15 Dozens Of Chinese Warplanes Enter Taiwan Airspace, Largest Incursion Yet https //dailycaller com/2021/06/15/chinese-warplanes-taiwan-airspace/ Updates 2021/08/05 added Taiwan section, Daily Caller-2021/06/15 article; 2020/11/28 2020/11/21 China Tyranny page started
IN THIS SECTION China-2 Hong Kong; Taiwan - China Takeover (here) Articles Gordon Chang Harry Wu How to Help Hong Kong Taiwan Tibet
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