Names and Attributes
IN THIS SECTION
Cartels-1 (here-see more below*)
Cartels-3 How to Stop
Cartels-4 Female Gang Members/Traffickers
Cartels-5 Tunnels and Smuggling
Cartels-7 Links List
see also Cartels-New Mexico
This section is not in any way meant to be comprehensive, but covers a few key topics.
What is a gang?
Gangs and Cartels can be entirely different things, but they can also interconnect. Gangs are usually thought
of as smaller, more localized entities, or if larger, something with a name, like Bloods. If larger and more
spread out, the name can represent a leader, a racial faction or a type of belief system, approach or
orientation, and can also represent a region the group considers theirs. Some gangs have been around a
long time, others are newer and ephemeral. Many upstart gangs come and go. Some gangs started out as a
counter-movements to governments. One country’s gang might another group’s revolution to fight
oppression. Gangs can be neighborhood cliques that come together to fight other gangs or to protect their
property and families from violence. There can be ethnic reasoning and motives, like minorities against the
The more violent gangs often have initiations through violence.; people might have to suffer through an
ordeal of group-based beatings or prove themselves loyal through thefts or even murder. Once in, people
might have a hard time getting out, as gang members might threaten them or someone they care about.
There can be mind control and intimidation through retaliation. What happens is that whether it is a gang
or cartel, the United States has small to larger tyrants running around, some the local bully, others like
complex shadow governments.
Cartels are generally thought of as larger and with various high crime tendencies; they can be more systemic,
networked and organized. Gangs as smaller or more distinct entities might interconnect with large
organized cartels; groups might have started out as gangs and shifted to big player cartels.
It is likely what some refer to as gangs are in fact organized crime structures, and thus could also be called
cartels. Gangs that started in one area might grow and spread to other areas, but still retain certain criminal
tendencies, while others might expand into mafia-like antics. No two detectives or state police departments
might think of these groups quite the same way.
National Institute of Justice
2011/10/27 Gang Definitions
https //nij ojp gov/topics/articles/what-gang-definitions
There is no universally agreed-upon definition of "gang" in the United States. Gang, youth gang and
street gang are terms widely and often interchangeably used in mainstream coverage. Reference to
gangs often implies youth gangs. In some cases, youth gangs are distinguished from other types of
gangs; how youth is defined may vary as well. Motorcycle gangs, prison gangs, hate groups, adult
organized crime groups, terrorist organizations and other types of security threat groups are frequently
but not always treated separately from gangs in both practice and research
https //nij ojp gov/topics/articles/what-gang-definitions
Why people can be in a gang
Think it is cool (there is a point beyond cool, but newbies might toy with being a “wannabe”)
A sense of power
Would-be gang - kind of an image thing without really doing it all the way, wear a few icons, wear clothes a certain
way, have a certain attitude
Born into it
Influenced by people in one’s life
Forced into it, like kidnapping and abuse, mind control
Intimidation, crime network surround (they’re everywhere)
It’s a fight world, everybody’s fighting, feel like a person has to get in a group to have some protection against the
Culture, people are in gangs in this culture
Getting Out, Staying Out
What are some things maybe tempting me to go back in?
Intimidation, harassment, stalking, threats to kill me or someone I care about
Maybe loneliness: I miss my guy, my girl friend, my culture, my family, etc.
Maybe adrenaline rushes; drugs
I feel alienated by the witness protection protection culture (or something like that)
Approaches to study and respond to them most effectively
It’s in the family; it’s learned human behavior. Passed down from generation to generation. It is embedded in
language, body language, sign language, vocal intonation. What you see, what you hear. How you are treated, how
people talk to you and others around you. Habits in cussing, deriding women, making fun of people. Top dog ways
- people beating each other out to become the leader or dominant one.
Occult and Gangs
Police Mag dot com
2008/03 Criminal gangs and the occult
Religion and Gangs Hispanic, Latino and Mexican Catholic
2016/02/23 A Brief History of the Relationship Between Mexican Drug Cartels and the Catholic Church: Pope
Francis used a recent visit to urge Mexicans to steer clear of the temptations of drugs and illicit cash, but
when it comes to local cartels, the Catholic Church has its own questionable history to contend with. By
Excerpt: Since Posadas's death, and in particular over the past decade or so, the church has exercised top-
down dealings with the cartels—condemning them in public, but, critics charge, colluding with drug
criminals on the ground. Pope Francis spoke to that fraught dynamic during his historic visit to Mexico last
week. In a sermon in the Michoacán state capital Morelia, which has been hit hard by cartel violence, he
cautioned bishops, priests, nuns, and seminarians against shirking away from the unique challenge posed by
the cartels in their area. "What is the temptation that we face in environments dominated by violence,
corruption, drug trafficking, disrespect for personal dignity, and indifference to suffering?" he asked, before
answering his own question. "Resignation. Resignation terrifies us and makes us barricade ourselves in our
vestries." That alleged resignation has long plagued the Catholic Church in Mexico, and though they weren't
named directly by Francis, no discussion of the cartel-church relationship would be complete without
mention of "narco alms"—or blood money supposedly offered by cartels to help fund public works and other
1999/05/08 Gangs and Their God. By Margaret Ramirez
Many Latino gang members invoke the protection of Jesus or Mary in the form of tattoos and graffiti. Some
observers say the practice is a genuine attempt to connect with a spiritual heritage.
Department of Justice - Criminal Division - Organized Crime and Gang Section - Cases
Systems Approach: Mexico - Cartels
Mexico’s Cartel Problem: A Systems Thinking Perspective Sibel McGee, Ph.D., Michael Joel, Robert Edson
Applied Systems Thinking Institute, Analytic Services, Inc., 2900 S Quincy Street, Suite 800, Arlington, VA 22206
Sibel.McGee@anser.org; Michael.Joel@anser.org; Robert.Edson@anser.or
We argue that the efforts that rely purely on law enforcement measures will fail to produce lasting change unless
they are coupled with high leverage strategies that address the root causes of illicit activities in Mexico.
Biography : Sibel McGee, Ph.D. is a Senior Analyst at the Applied Systems Thinking (ASysT) Institute of Analytic
Services Inc., Arlington, VA, providing systems and research analysis for various federal departments and agencies
to include Department of Homeland Security and Defense. She is also an adjunct Professor at the University of
Maryland University College. Dr. McGee holds an MS in International Relations from Middle East Technical
University, Turkey, an MA in European Studies from University of Bonn, Germany, and a Ph.D. in Political Science
from Texas A&M University. Michael Joel is currently an analyst with the Marine Corps Intelligence Activity,
Quantico, VA. Mr. Joel was previously a Senior Associate Analyst at the Applied Systems Thinking (ASysT) Institute
of Analytic Services Inc., Arlington, VA. He holds a BA in History and an MA in Public Policy/National Security Policy
from George Mason University. Robert Edson is Vice President for Enterprise Development at Analytic Services Inc.,
and Director of the Applied Systems Thinking Institute (ASysT). In his role as Director of ASysT, he leads an institute
whose mission is to advance the application of systems thinking principles in the fields of national security and
homeland security. He has over 25 years of experience in dealing with complex systems issues and systems
thinking. Mr. Edson is an Adjunct Professor at Stevens Institute of Technology and has a BS in Biology from George
Mason University and a MS in Physical Oceanography and Meteorology from the Naval Postgraduate School.
GROUPS BY NAME - Names and Attributes of a Select Few
(not a comprehensive list)
The Daily Beast
2016/03/26 Fighting Mexico’s new super cartel
La Sante Muerte
7 things to know about La Santa Muerte
13 officials detail best ways to combat the violent gang
New Mexican Mafia of Arizona
(Not to be confused with the state of New Mexico in the name; but also see another type of prison gang - SNM of
Corrections dot az
2012 Fast and Furious Guns Sinaloa Cartel
-Insight Crime, insightcrime.org Latin American cartels, some American material-
-Robert J. Bunker (also seen in No to Sacrifices in Human Issues section on this website) expert on terrorism and
cult behavior in cartels
-Sylvia Longmire: Cartel: The Coming Invasion of Mexico's Drug Wars (2011)
-Ioan Grillo The Bloody Rise of Mexican Drug Cartels (2017)
-George W. Grayson - The Los Zetas Drug Cartel - Sadism as an Instrument of Cartel Warfare in Mexico and Central
-Police Mag article on Criminal Gangs and the Occult:
Retail Org. Crime
Alb Jrnl: (2017) Retailers face new threat: Organized crime. BY LORRAINE MIRABELLA / THE BALTIMORE SUN
Organized theft has surpassed internal theft to become the leading cause of retail loss, said Robert Moraca, vice
president of loss prevention for the National Retail Federation. Analysts say the increase has been fueled by the
opioid epidemic and by the growing understanding among criminals that theft can be quick, easy and profitable.
In a well choreographed assault, Moraca says, thieves can clear shelves of thousands of dollars’ worth of goods in
“And that’s happening in multiples,” he says. “It’s not just a group that gets together and wants to steal. These are
groups that already exist for criminal purposes,” such as drug trafficking and human trafficking.
“These are hardened criminals, and they get into organized retail crime because it’s extremely profitable.”…
“The individuals who are doing the shoplifting have become extremely dangerous, much more than anyone would
think of a petty shoplifter doing,” spokesman Stephen Holmes says. He says assaults on security guards and asset
protection personnel have become common.
“It can be the slightest thing that triggers that act of violence,” he says. “I just don’t think the average person
realizes what’s going on.”
ABC 15 dot com
2019/11/06 Map cartel influences across the US and Mexico. By Courtland Jeffrey
Officials are investigating activity tied to the Juarez and Sinaloa cartels, which are both active in the area
where the Monday attack occurred, just 90 miles south of Douglas, Ariz. The killers were reportedly believed
to be from the Juarez cartel's armed wing, "La Linea." According to federal data, both the Juarez and Sinaloa
cartels have active presences in the U.S. and parts of Mexico. Recent data obtained from the DEA and Stratfor
Global Intelligence and the Federation of American Scientists shows the Sinaloa cartel with a dominant
regional presence in nearly every U.S. state, including Arizona. The Juarez cartel is dominant in New Mexico,
while Texas has presences from the Sinaloa, Gulf, and Juarez cartels.
https //www.abc15.com/news/data/map-cartel-influences-presence-across-the -united-states-and-mexico
El Paso Times
2018/08/22 Juarez violence fears New Mexico cartel war coming murders increase
https //www elpasotimes com/story/news/2018/08/22/juarez-violence-fears-new-mexico-cartel-war-coming-
Excerpt: Howard Campbell, an anthropology professor at the University of Texas at El Paso whose research
focuses on the U.S-Mexico border, sees the current wave as unique because most of the violence is
concentrated in downtown Ciudad Juárez. “What’s different about this is it’s just over and over and over
again that people are getting murdered in these areas where the Aztecas live, which is right in the heart of
the downtown area,” he said. “So a lot of these killings have been in broad daylight.” The Barrio Aztecas in
Juárez are affiliated with Aztecas in El Paso, but Campbell said the Juárez Aztecas operate independently.
And while the organization was once aligned with the Juárez Cartel, it has since split and is fighting to keep a
foothold in the city. Campbell said the end could come when one gang ousts the other, but what he seesas
perplexing in this situation is that it's the hometown gang that's being squeezed out. Fight for
methamphetamine market: There is the added element of the prevalence of methamphetamine dealers
trying to find a niche in the Juárez market. While cocaine, pot and heroin have historically been the illicit
goods of choice for street peddlers, methamphetamine has been making its way into the traditional markets
largely because of the increased presence of another major cartel: the Cártel de Jalisco Nueva Generación.
“[The Aztecas] see meth as a threat to their business, and it’s only recently that meth has made an
appearance in Juárez,” Campbell said. “The influx of meth and the people that sell it are contributing to this
conflict. And the Jalisco people are the biggest meth producers and meth controllers, so they have a lot to do
https //www elpasotimes com/story/news/2018/08/22/juarez-violence-fears-new-mexico-cartel-war-coming-
New York Post
2019/05/05 Cartels thrive in New Mexico county after feds shut down checkpoints
Excerpt: Otero County, NM, Board of Commissioners chair Couy Griffin fears terrorists will exploit shuttered
checkpoints 90 miles from the border. “It’s a green light for the cartels when border checkpoints are down,”
Otero County Sheriff David Black, 56, told The Post. “Are cartels capitalizing on the confusion at the border?
Yes, they are!” Williamson told The Post. “They are using it as a cover to move drugs, which are coming
through legal ports of entry. If your drugs are coming through legal ports of entry, you need lines of
defense.”Williamson said his team recently seized 44 pounds of fentanyl — “enough to wipe out all of New
Mexico, Texas and the entire state of Chihuahua.” Most of the drugs are being trafficked by a gang known as
Barrio Aztecas, the enforcement arm of the Juarez Cartel, according to the agent. “They are an incredibly
violent gang,” he said, adding that they number between 2,000 and 2,200 members. An additional 500 to
1,000 Barrio Aztecas are in prison, he said. For Couy Griffin, chairman of Otero County’s Board of
Commissioners, who spearheaded the move to declare a state of emergency last month, the situation is dire.
In addition to drug traffickers and migrants, Griffin fears that terrorists may begin taking advantage of the
abandoned checkpoints to sneak into the rest of the country.
2019/11/06 Mexican cartel massacre: Grisly crime scene photos show blood-stained car seat, bullet-ridden
windshield. By Stephen Sorace. Linea likely part of Juarez that killed mother and four children, including
The killers were apparently members of the Juarez drug cartel and its armed wing, La Linea — "The Line" —
whose gunmen had entered Sinaloa cartel territory and set up an armed outpost on a hilltop and an ambush
further up the road, The Associated Press reported.
2010 Juárez Cartel
Excerpt: he Juárez Cartel is responsible for smuggling tons of narcotics from Mexico into the United States
throughout its long and turbulent history, and the group’s intense rivalry with the Sinaloa Cartel helped turn
Juarez into one of the most violent places in the world. History: The Juárez Cartel is one of the oldest and
most powerful criminal organizations in Mexico. Since its beginnings, the cartel has focused on drug
trafficking, but has expanded into other criminal activities such as human trafficking, kidnapping, local drug
distribution and extortion. Based in the city of Juárez in the state of Chihuahua, northern Mexico, the Juárez
Cartel is also known as the Vicente Carrillo Fuentes Organization (VCFO), after its leader.
Comment: although Insight Crime suggests the Zetas are in decline, we need to learn from some of their elite
armed forces background and other approaches and strategies in terms of looking for signs that other cartels are
using these things as well. Also Insight Crime and others inform us that the Zetas have had widespread influence
in neighboring countries along with the Sinaloas. As such, it is possible there has been a cultural influence along
Zeta lines even if the main thrust of the organization if largely over.
Excerpt: For Zetas, Guatemala is the New Mexico. Just as in Mexico they have taken over a large portion of territory,
having conquered to date 75 percent of all Guatemalan trafficking routes, according to an estimate by the DEA’s
Mexico office. Every year, they move 250 to 300 tons of cocaine along those routes.
Insight Crime: Zetas
Excerpt: Beginning as a group of deserters from an elite unit of the armed forces at the service of the Gulf Cartel,
the Zetas would go on to become one of the most powerful and feared cartels in Mexico before infighting and the
loss of leaders started the organization’s decline.
The Zetas started out as an enforcer gang for the Gulf Cartel predominantly made up of former soldiers with
specialized training. Their military background and unbridled ferocity proved an underworld game changer, with
the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) describing them as perhaps “the most technologically advanced,
sophisticated and violent of these paramilitary enforcement groups.”
The Zetas broke away from the Gulf Cartel in the mid-2000s to become its own group, and launched an offensive
that would see them expand throughout Mexico and Guatemala. The group employed a new model of organized
crime, based on violently seizing and holding territory, using fear rather than corruption as a first resort.
However, after rising to the point where they could compete with the mighty Sinaloa Cartel, the Zetas are now a
fragmented force, held together by little more than a name and increasingly dependent on local criminal revenues
rather than the transnational flow of …
Excerpt: La Familia Michoacana, (English: The Michoacán Family) La Familia (English: The Family), or LFM is a
Mexican drug cartel and a organized crime syndicate based in the Mexican state of Michoacán. Formerly allied to
the Gulf Cartel—as part of Los Zetas —it split off in 2006. The cartel was founded by Carlos Rosales Mendoza a close
associate of Osiel Cárdenas.
Excerpt: La Familia Michoacana Cartel La Familia Michoacana Logo
La Familia Michoacana, (English: The Michoacán Family) La Familia (English: The Family), or LFM was a Mexican
drug cartel and an organized crime syndicate based in the Mexican state of Michoacán. Formerly allied to The Gulf
Cartel as part of The Los Zetas Organization it split off on 2006. The cartel's first leader, Nazario Moreno González,
known as El Más Loco (English: The Craziest One), preached his organization's divine right to eliminate enemies. He
carried a "bible" of his own sayings and insisted that his army of traffickers and hitmen avoid using the narcotics
they sell. Nazario Moreno's partners were José de Jesús Méndez Vargas, Servando Gómez Martínez and Enrique
Plancarte Solís, each of whom has a bounty of $2 million for his capture, and were contesting the control of the
ARTICLES - List from everything on this page (being developed)
Cartels by Media/News Publication Source
A, B, C
Borderland Beat: Cartel Violence, Cash Infiltrating U.S. (05/2011)
http //www borderlandbeat com/2011/05/cartel-violence-cash-infiltrating-us html
Business Insider: Fast and Furious Guns Sinaloa Cartel (2012)
University of Chicago: Irving Spergel Leading Scholar Gangs 1924-2010. By William Harms (12/08/2010)
On the border: Guns, drugs -- and a betrayal of trust. Cartels Columbus, New Mexico By Michael Martinez.
Tag Columbus, New Mexico
Whitey Bulger six surprising facts (09/17/2014)
CNS News: Effort Combat Drug Cartels Operating New Mexico Spurs Racial Profiling Complaints. By Susan Jones
D, E, F
The Daily Beast:
Fighting Mexico’s New Super Cartel. By Jeremy Kryt (03/26/2016)
The Jalisco New Generation Cartel is known for its hyper-aggressive, paramilitary tactics—now it’s bringing the
terror to America’s doorstep.
Cartel Watch - Why the Military Will Never Beat Mexico's Cartels. By Jeremy Kryt (04/02/2016)
As the murder rate in Mexico rises yet again, it’s time to admit current policies aren’t working—and start looking for
DEA dot gov: Synthetic Drugs
Excerpt: (2012) more than five million packets of finished designer synthetic drugs were seized across the country
in the first-ever nationwide law enforcement action against the synthetic designer drug industry responsible for
the production and sale of synthetic drugs that are often marketed as bath salts, Spice, incense, or plant food
FBI: Organized Crime: History of La Cosa Nostra
7 Things to Know About La Santa Muerte. By Latina Magazine (10/26/2015 05:30 pm ET | Updated Oct 25, 2016)
Meet The Man Who Runs The Sinaloa Cartel... With Or Without ‘El Chapo’; Unlike “El Chapo,” Ismael “El Mayo”
Zambada hasn’t spent years in prison. By Roque Planas (01/21/2016)
Insight Crime: Corrupt Mexico police concentrated in ten [Mexican] states
(2019/07/11) How Alaska residents help the Sinaloa cartel smuggle drugs north
Excerpt: She was stopped at a border patrol checkpoint north of Nogales, where she was found to have 200 grams
of cocaine on her person. The woman is identified as "Female Individual 2" in a federal court document that was
sealed on Tuesday, after being accessible to the public for months. The document is a warrant filed by a Drug
Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent investigating the trafficking of drugs to Alaska. Female Individual 2 was
carrying roughly $20,000 worth of cocaine, according to a street value estimate from the Anchorage Police
Department.She represents a small piece of a puzzle that is largely kept secret: The inner workings of the Sinaloa
Cartel, a Transnational Criminal Organization (TCO) based in Sonora, Mexico.
L, M, N
Judith Miller: Mexicanization American Law Enforcement
ATF Fast Furious
U.S. warns citizens about traveling to Mexico's Cancun and Los Cabos as violence surges. By Kate Linthicum
LAPD authors: Dunn
MSN: Fighting MS 13 Officials Detail Best Ways to Combat the Violent Gang. By Kaitlyn Schallhorn (08/02/2017)
National Review: Fast Furious = Obamas First Scandal. By Ian Tuttle (01/21/2016)
NPR: Prison gang reach increasingly extends into streets (2013)
O, P, Q, R
Police Mag:Criminal Gangs and the Occult
Of all the criminal groups that I have worked over the more than three decades in law enforcement, the most
credible attempts on my life have come from these occult true believers.Be aware of these trends and beliefs. Gang
members who take the occult seriously can be truly dangerous.
2018/04/18 Mexican drug lords have transformed the narcotics trade in America — and the DEA appears powerless
to stop them. By Guy Lawson
This article appeared in the September 17, 2009 issue of Rolling Stone
The current crop of Mexican drug lords is not a bunch of Scarface-style lunatics high on coke and hellbent on
violence. Instead, they are highly sophisticated executives, pursuing profit by the cheapest and most efficient
means possible.Torturing rivals and beheading victims serves a purpose in Mexico, where drug-related violence has
killed 12,000 people in the past three years; narcotraficantes routinely use brutality to subdue competitors,
eliminate witnesses and frighten off police recruits. But north of the border, the drug lords are as corporate and
hyperorganized as Walmart, replacing the top-down approach of their Colombian predecessors with a new
business model — one that outsources the street-level grunt work to an army of illegal immigrants. With business
booming — prices are steady and demand remains high — unleashing a Mexican-style rampage in this country
would only risk riling up U.S. law enforcement. The Mexican cartels aren’t fighting the War on Drugs in the United
States for a very simple reason: They’ve already won.
S, T, U
Slate: “A Unique Death Cult” How the Romanian Iron Guard blended nationalistic violence with Christian
martyrdom to spread a singularly morbid fascist movement. By Stanley G. Payne (02/21/2017)
See photo in article with heading: Corneliu Zelea Codreanu and members of the Legion of the Archangel Michael
(also known as the Iron Guard) in Bucharest, Romania, in 1937.
Note: although this entry is not actually “cartel” material, since it connected to the 1930s, I feel there is applicability
to current times in those cases where there is a mix of religiosity and governmental control systems.
Tech Dirt: DEA loses big drug case thanks to illegal wiretap warrants prosecutor calls procedural errors
UCLA, Newsroom: Jorja Leap Jumped In book (03/08/2012)
V, W, X, Y, Z
Mexico’s efforts to tackle police corruption are failing. By Paul Imison. (03/21/2016)
The Mexican-Mormon War Part I (video clip)
House Democrats say Phoenix ATF to blame in fast and furious. By Sari Horwitz (01/31/2012)
Excerpt: Federal agents based in Phoenix, not officials at Justice Department headquarters in Washington, were
responsible for the controversial tactics used in the gun operation known as “Fast and Furious,” Democrats on the
House Oversight and Government Reform Committee said in a report released Tuesday.
A year after it became known that the operation relied on a tactic known as gun walking, the 89-page report called
Fast and Furious “reckless and fatally flawed.” It puts the blame squarely on the Phoenix office of the Bureau of
Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. It also concludes that the strategy began as early as 2006.
In Mexico’s Nueva Laredo, Drug Cartels dictate media coverage. By William Booth (08/01/2010)
Excerpt: Two weeks ago, Mexican soldiers clashed here with drug cartel gangsters in running gun battles that
lasted five hours. The outlaws hijacked vehicles, including a bus, for use as barricades and battering rams. Terrified
residents scrambled for safety. At least a dozen people were killed, including bystanders. Children were wounded in
the crossfire. Not a single word about it appeared in the local news media. Nuevo Laredo has three television news
channels, four daily newspapers and at least five radio stations that broadcast news, but every outlet ignored the
biggest story of the year. Nuevo Laredo is not an isolated village but the busiest city along the U.S.-Mexico border, a
vital U.S. trade partner with a population of 360,000, professional sports teams, universities and an international
airport. Fearing for their lives and the safety of their families, journalists are adhering to a near-complete news
blackout, under strict orders of drug smuggling organizations and their enforcers, who dictate -- via daily
telephone calls, e-mails and news releases -- what can and cannot be printed or aired. "We are under their
complete control," said a veteran reporter, who spoke on the condition of anonymity. Editors and managers of news
organizations who agreed to speak with The Washington Post insisted that the interviews take place away from
their offices, at back tables in empty bars. "The cartels have eyes and ears inside our company," one editor said.
Smuggling Tunnels - See Smuggling Tunnels below
conjunction with R&R full-time personnel are recruited from Puerto Rico. Taking people with English as a second
language, for the missile defense of the hemisphere, from a tropical environment to a sub-arctic environment.
There are no recruiting projects to get personnel from any other state. Puerto Rico is the Drug Cartel Connection
to the GMD. x The push to recruit from Puerto Rico did not start until Katkus became the AKARNG commander
and directed it to happen. x Drugs are flown in from Puerto Rico to the FT Greely airstrip and dropped off without
having to go through any type of inspection. Private planes and visitors pick up packages and take them away.
Greely personnel stand guard while the transactions take place. x In October of 2010 the largest FBI raid in history
was done in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rican Military, Police, Prison Guards, and National Guard personnel were arrested
as part of a Colombian Cartel.
On January 30, US Immigrations and Customs Enforcement agents arrested a Mexican citizen who was linked to
the tunnel via the US warehouse, operated by V&F Distributors LLC. On the Friday before, January 27, immigration
authorities reportedly received information that the Mexican cartel behind the operation was threatening the lives
of any agents involved with the construction or occupation of the tunnel. US Customs and Immigration, however,
pledged to protect them as best they could. Authorities believe Tijuana's Arellano-Felix drug syndicate, or some
other well-known drug cartel, was behind the building and operation of the tunnel.
On November 26, 2010, a 2,600-foot (790 m) tunnel was discovered linking Tijuana to Otay Mesa, San Diego,
California. In the same month another tunnel was discovered between these two cities. Both tunnels were
discovered by a San Diego task force and are believed to be the work of Mexico's Sinaloa cartel. Over 40 short tons
(36,000 kg) of cannabis was found and confiscated between the two.
An analysis of US-Mexico smuggling tunnels, the US-Canada smuggling tunnel, and the smuggling tunnels in
Rafah, Gaza Strip, was completed by Lichtenwald and Perri as part of a transnational analysis of smuggling
tunnels. Lichtenwald and Perri outlined sources and methods for evaluating which tunnels are used by
different populations in various parts of the world to smuggle contraband that does not threaten a nation’s
security, which tunnels that smuggle contraband that does threaten a nation’s security, and hybrid tunnels that
smuggle contraband that threaten a nation’s security as well as that which does not.
In December 2012, a tunnel 3 feet in diameter and 100 yards long, with electricity and ventilation, was found near
the Nogales, Arizona, port of entry. Since 1990, there have been almost 170 tunnels found leading into Mexico,
mostly in Arizona and California. On February 14, 2014 another underground drug tunnel was discovered in
What is a Gang?
Why People Can Be in a Gang
Getting Out, Staying Out
Links List - Cartels-7 Links List
Groups By Name
La Santa Muerte
New Mexican Gang of Arizona
Cultural Contexts Behind Cartels:
Department of Justice-Organized Crime Cases
The Puerto Rico connection in Alaska
See also: Cybercrime Retail Organized Crime Search and
Seizure New Mexico Drugs
Notice: As mentioned elsewhere, Police Factor is not an expert on
police, gangs or cartels