Peru Gangs Case Study
IN THIS SECTION-TOPICS RELATING TO CASE STUDIES John F. Kennedy John Lennon Danny Pearl Michael Ruppert Aaron Russo Rodney Stich British Ops Satanism Donmeh India Call Centers Corsican Mafia Greek Terrorism Peruvian Gangs Gypsies Horse-Racetrack Firefighter Arson --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TOPICS PERUVIAN GANGS AND CRIME General Information Shining Path Shining Path, MPCP, PCP-SL, Militarized Communist Party of Peru, Marxism–Leninism–Maoism and Gonzalo Thought Dissolved: June 2018 (de facto) Fragments: rebels are thought to work with traffickers in the VRAEM region Founded: 1969; launched its war against the state in 1980 Founder: Abimael Guzmán - captured 1992 - (notice the 1960s China, cultural revolution connection) Born in 1934 into a middle-class family, Guzman visited China many times in the 1960s during the cultural revolution there, abandoning his job as a philosophy professor to launch the Shining Path. (See Barron’s) He became a near messianic leader of the Shining Path and his capture in 1992 marked the beginning of the end of a movement that at its height had some 5,000 fighters. Later Leader: Comrade Artemio (Florindo Eleuterio Flores) captured 2012 Atrocities: group blamed for tens of thousands of deaths. Earlier Peruvian Communist Leader: José Carlos Mariátegui MSX3 InSight Crime @InSightCrime Tweet Peru's "MSX3" gang appears to be a spinoff of Central America's feared MS13 https://goo.gl/5gmH7K Illegal gold trade/mining, money laundering, human trafficking, drug trafficking-foreign-cocaine Known trafficking: Colombia, Mexico, Europe, Asia, The US, other countries Gangs: Brazil, ‘Ndrangheta, Insight Crime dot org https://insightcrime.org/peru-organized-crime-news/peru/ Excerpt: The Shining Path guerrilla group launched its war against the state in 1980, and is now deeply involved in organized crime. While the drug trade helped strengthen the group, in recent years it has been severely weakened by the deaths and arrests of a number of its top leaders. The rebels are thought to work with traffickers in the VRAEM region. This is the group’s last remaining stronghold after it was pushed out of the Alto Huallaga region following the 2012 capture of Florindo Eleuterio Flores, alias “Comrade Artemio.” Local Peruvian trafficking groups share their territory with foreign drug trafficking organizations, including Colombian and Mexican criminal groups. These maintain sophisticated cocaine trafficking networks to Europe, Asia, the United States and other countries. Local traffickers are also known to have links with other transnational criminal groups, including Brazilian gangs and Italy’s ‘Ndrangheta…Mining regions are also a hub of human trafficking, for both forced labor and sexual exploitation. The illegal gold trade has also been tied to money laundering involving a US-based company with offices in Miami and Dallas. In 2017, Peru officially declared illegal mining an organized crime activity and launched a program to tackle it, including through massive police operations. https://insightcrime.org/peru-organized-crime-news/ [The crime news section covers various topics] Violence in Peru has been relatively low since the end of its civil conflict in the late 1990s. Although it remains the world’s top coca producer behind Colombia, illicit cultivations in the country are decreasing. Profits from drug trafficking and illegal logging have fueled a small resurgence of the Shining Path, a Maoist guerrilla group that no longer poses a major threat to the stability of the Peruvian state, but which continues to attack security forces and foreign companies in the remote Apurimac, Ene and Mantaro River https://insightcrime.org/peru-organized-crime-news/ https://insightcrime.org/peru-organized-crime-news/shining-path-profile PERU / 23 MAY 2021 BY INSIGHT CRIME EN. ES. The Shining Path or the Militarized Communist Party of Peru (Militarizado Partido Comunista de Peru - MPCP) is the last remnant of Peru’s guerrilla movement from the end of the 20th Century. Altho… History The Communist Party of Peru - Shining Path (PCP-SL), was formed in 1970 as a breakaway faction from the Peruvian Communist Party (PCP). It had only … Wikipedia The Shining Path (Spanish: Sendero Luminoso), officially the Communist Party of Peru (Partido Comunista del Perú, abbr. PCP), is a communist guerrilla group in Peru following Marxism–Leninism–Maoism and Gonzalo Thought. When it first launched the internal conflict in Peru in 1980, its goal was to overthrow the government through guerrilla warfare and replace it with a New Barrons https://www.barrons.com/news/shining-path-peru-s-guerrilla-group-all-but-defeated-01632495909 Local traffickers linked to Brazilian gangs and Italy’s ‘Ndrangheta; Mining with human trafficking Illegal gold trade-money laundering “Comrade Artemio.” 2012 capture 2022 Shark Fin Traffickers Insight Crime dot org 2022/02/14 What Will Come of Peru Jailing Shark Fin Traffickers for First Time? ECUADOR Peru has convicted a gang of shark fin traffickers for the first time in history but more is needed to make a dent in this prolific illegal industry. … https://insightcrime.org/news/what-will-come-of-peru-jailing-shark-fin-traffickers-for-first-time/ Peruvian Brothers-Defrauding Thousands of Spanish Speaking Immigrants Justice dot gov 2022/02/14 Peruvian Brothers Sentenced to More than Seven Years in Prison for Defrauding Thousands of Spanish- Speaking Immigrants https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/peruvian-brothers-sentenced-more-seven-years-prison-defrauding-thousands-spanish- speaking https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/three-peruvian-nationals-plead-guilty-conspiring-defraud-thousands-spanish-speaking-us 2021 Covid-19 vaccine related Vacunagate-Chinese lab Sinopharm-high death rates NPR 2021/11/27 Peru has the world's highest COVID death rate. Here's why. Jason Beaubien https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/11/27/1057387896/peru-has-the-worlds-highest-covid-death-rate-heres- why CNN 2021/02/16 Hundreds of people were secretly vaccinated in Peru before official rollout, says President. Claudia Rebaza https://www.cnn.com/2021/02/16/americas/peru-sinopharm-secret-vaccines-intl/index.html Corrupt bid problem Telesurenglish.net https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/Peru-SevenSenior-Officials-ArrestedDue-To-Vacunagate-Case-20210221-0006.html Former officials are accused of favoring the Chinese lab "Sinopharm" vaccine, to the detriment of better bids. Peru's anti- corruption prosecutor Yudith Villegas Espinoza on Sunday called for the arrest of seven former members of the Executive Multi-sectorial Commission, involved in the scandal over COVID-19 secret vaccination "Vacunagate." The seven former officials are accused of the alleged crime of incompatible negotiation for favoring the Chinese vaccine's purchase, even when there were other offers with better effectiveness and price, such as Sputnik V or Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines. The Executive's Multi-sectorial Commission demanded an impartial purchase recommendation from these officials, which was compromised after their secret vaccination before concluding the contract. Logging, Amazon Forest Insight Crime Game Changers 2021 2021/12/28 How Organized Crime Devoured the Amazon Rainforest https://insightcrime.org/news/gamechangers-2021-organized-crime-devoured-amazon-rainforest/ Drug Trafficking and Illegal Logging Mongabay 2021/08 Drug trafficking and illegal logging threaten Indigenous communities in Peru by Gloria Alvitres on 26 August 2021 | Translated by Sydney Sims https://news.mongabay.com/2021/08/drug-trafficking-and-illegal-logging-threaten-indigenous-communities-in-peru/ Sea and Port Corruption which includes Peru Insight Crime 2021/02/20 Hide and Seek: How Drug Traffickers Get Creative at Sea. Katie Jones https://insightcrime.org/news/hide-and-seek-drug-traffickers-creative-at-sea/ 2019 Mongabay dot com 2019/07/19 Corrupt police caught in bust of Peruvian Amazon drug gang. Bethan John https://news.mongabay.com/2019/07/corrupt-police-caught-in-bust-of-peruvian-amazon-drug-gang/ OLDER Peru Gang Material 2015 Fox 2015/12/04 American woman returns home after spending years in Peruvian jail https://www.foxnews.com/world/american-woman-returns-home-after-spending-years-in-peruvian-jail NEW YORK – An American woman sentenced to 20 years in a Peru prison for conspiring with a leftist rebel group in the 1990s returned to New York on Thursday, smiling as she walked through the doors at Kennedy Airport with her uncle. Lori Berenson, 46, has been living quietly in Lima with her 6-year-old son since her 2010 parole because she was barred from leaving the country until her sentenced lapsed. Her son, Salvador, left the airport earlier with his grandparents. 2013 CNN dot com 2013/02/20 Peru gang targets people stuck in traffic https://edit ion.cnn.com/2013/02/20/world/americas/peru-traffic-gang-crime/index.html 2012 Insight Crime 2012/11 Homemade Guns Point to Peru's Gang Struggles As InSight Crime has reported, Peru's government has said there are a total of 13,000 gang members inside the country, compared to an estimated 14,000 gang members in Guatemala and 10,500 in El Salvador, both of which have much smaller populations than Peru. Homemade Guns Point to Peru's Gang Struggles - InSight Crime insightcrime.org/news/brief/homemade-guns-point-to-perus-gang-struggles/ 2011 Gangs of Peru Continued… Street Level – Los Pandillas, Malditos de Castilla, Bandas, Los Alamos, Latin Kings, Los Diablos, Cirujanos, La Muralla, and Los Pishtakos are some of the more famous Peruvian Street gangs. Youth Gangs (Street Children) - Pájaro frutero, and pirañitas. Author: Michael McCoy Created Date: 06/21/2011 11:20:18 Title: Gang Violence in Central and Southern America Gang Violence in Central and Southern America homepages.wmich.edu/~pciccant/gangs11.pptx 2010 Coca shifts from Colombia to Peru As Coca Fight Succeeds In Colombia, Production Shifts To Peru Coca cultivation is surging in Peru, making the country a contender to surpass Colombia as the world’s largest exporter of cocaine, reports the New York Times. The increase offers a window into one of the most vexing aspects of the American-financed war against drugs in Latin America, which began in earnest four decades ago. June 15, 2010 | https://thecrimereport.org/2010/06/15/as-coca-fight-succeeds-in-colombia-production-shifts-to-peru/ 2009 Human Fat - Gangs - Case -2009 An Old Gang (Pishtaco) Human Fat from murdered corpses Issue (Watch for related trends even in the current erea) Homicides in Peru - Human Fat Taken From Victims CBS 2009/11/20 Peruvian Gang Killing People, Selling Human Fat to Cosmetics Companies, Say Cops. Sammy Saltzman 2009/11/20--https://www.cbsnews.com/news/peruvian-gang-killing-people-selling-human-fat-to-cosmetics-companies-say- cops/ Street Gangs dot com 2009/11/21 Peruvian gang sold human fat to European cosmetic firms from Deutsche Welle November 21, 2009 https://www.streetgangs.com/news/112109_peruviangang/ 2000 Peru Gangs The term "gang" is found in reference to youth and neighbourhood gangs, known in Peru as pandillas or bandas juveniles, and in reference to organized groups of armed criminals commonly known simply as bandas or organized crime groups. Regarding the latter, the Human Rights Watch World Report 1999 reports: Citation / Document Symbol: PER33879.E Publication Date: 23 March 2000 Refworld | Peru: Gangs in Lima and persons targeted by ... www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ad745c.html Updates: 2022/03/09 page started 2022/03/07-08 Updates 2022/03/03 Page Started Links List
PERUVIAN GANGS AND GENERAL INPUT ON CRIME CASE STUDY Comment: This is a Latin American country that had a strong Marxist-communist- socialist influence, among them The Shinging Path gang/organized crime Gangs: o The Shining Path - progression to organized crime Abimael Guzmán Comrade Artemio (Florindo Eleuterio Flores) o MSX3 possible spinoff of MS13 Peruvian Political Leaders o José Carlos Mariátegui Topics o More Recent 2019-2022 Pharmaceutical Related, COVID Secret early vaccines in Peru Vacunagate - Chinese lab Sinopharm General Info: Peru COVID death rate alleged “highest” 2022 Defrauding Spanish Speaking Immigrants - 3 brothers Shark Fin Traffickers 2021 Logging, drug trafficking, indigenous people-Peru in general - Latin America Sea port and ship related smuggling which includes Peru o good itemized list of compromise-likely areas of ship 2019 Corrupt police caught in bust of Peruvian Amazon drug gang. ‘Ndrangheta -Italy gangs - linked to Peruvian gangs Brzail gangs - linked to Peruvian gangs o Older 2013 People stuck in traffic attacked 2012 Homemade Guns 2011 list of gangs 2010 Coca shifts from Colombia to Peru 2009 Human Fat - Gangs 2009 Kidnappings, Homicides