Vietnam-communism (CHINA-5)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- VIETNAM CONNECTION - LONG ROOTS Wilson Center - Book China and the Vietnam Wars, 1950-1975, By Giang Zhai 2001/01/01 China Contributed Substantially to Vietnam War Victory, Claims Scholar https //www wilsoncenter org/article/china-contributed-substantially-to-vietnam-war-victory-claims- scholar Excerpt: Nowadays there's growing interest among American scholars and the reading public about what was happening on the so-called "other side" of the Vietnam War. What did the Chinese think? Only when you have a better knowledge of the other side can you evaluate American policy…First and foremost, the book sheds new light on the actual relationship between Chinese and Vietnamese Communists. My study revealed that their relationship was very close. The book begins with the events of the late 1940s, when the Vietnamese Communists were fighting the French. The Chinese Communists came to power in 1949, and Ho Chi Minh went to China asking for help with his war against the French. Mao was eager to oblige because he had the ambition of spreading his formula for making revolution to neighboring countries in Asia. He wanted to demonstrate that his formula for a "people's war" would apply within the pan-Asian Communist movement…The Chinese helped the Vietnamese train their military commanders; reorganize their defense and financial systems, including tax and fiscal policy; and create a solid economic base. They also helped the Vietnamese to mobilize the peasants to support war through land reform campaigns. Overall, there was a massive transfer of the Chinese experience of making revolution to the Vietnamese. Ho Chi Minh was very eager to learn, I must say. He was essentially following a long-established pattern of interactions between the Chinese and Vietnamese. If you look back in history, Vietnamese emperors and leaders looked to China for models of how to do farming, how to modernize their society, and so on. They readily adopted Confucian values and institutions. I should add that the Chinese-Vietnamese relationship wasn't a simple one of teacher-student. There's another side to the picture, full of tension and friction. https //www wilsoncenter org/article/china-contributed-substantially-to-vietnam-war-victory-claims-scholar PBS Ho Chi Minh https //www pbs org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/honor-ho-chi-minh/ Excerpt: Ho was born Nguyen Sinh Cung, the third of three children. As a young man, he traveled around the world working on a French ocean liner. Before and during World War I, he lived in the United States and London, then moved to France. While there, he became a fervent believer in the socialist movement. In the following years, his commitment to an independent, Communist Vietnam took him to the Soviet Union and China. The affectionate name given to him by his countrymen, "Uncle Ho," gives rise to an image as a kindly, humble man. Yet Ho was a life-long revolutionary, who used any and all means to achieve his ends. Ho first led an insurrection against Japanese occupiers. In 1945, Ho's commandos took Hanoi, the Vietnamese capital. In one of the ironies of history, Ho Chi Minh paraphrased a future enemy's benchmark of freedom — the U.S. Declaration of Independence -- while addressing an enormous crowd after the success against the Japanese. Ho proclaimed: "All men are born equal. The Creator has given us inviolable rights: life, liberty, and happiness!" The nation's freedom was short-lived, however, as the French tried to reassert their colonial rule over Vietnam after World War II. Ho again led revolutionary forces against outside control, fighting an eight- year war that led to the division of Vietnam into two countries, North and South Vietnam. An election that was meant to be held in 1956 to reunite the country under a democratically elected leader was never held. South Vietnam, backed by the United States, refused to participate in the elections, fearful Ho would win. Columbia dot edu Asian Revolutions in the 20th Century Leaders: Ho Chi Minh - provides list of aresources http //www columbia edu/cu/weai/exeas/asian-revolutions/leaders-ho-chi-minh-links html Updates 2021/07/26 PAGE STARTED-China-Vietnam-Communism
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