-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------HISTORY OF CIA - BRIEFThe Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), formally created in 1947, is the principal foreign intelligence and counterintelligence agency of the U.S. government. The CIA is headed by a director and deputy director, only one of whom may be a military officer. The director of central intelligence (DCI) serves as the chief intelligence adviser to the president of the United States. This is a chronologically ordered list of the directors, from the earliest to the most recent.US Presidents: Keep in mind the presidents on board at the same time as CIA Directors and issues surrounding torture. George Walker Bush (Bush, Jr) was president of the United States 2001-2009 for much of the CIA/prison abuses: The September 11 terrorist attacks occurred eight months into Bush's first term as president. Bush responded with what became known as the Bush Doctrine: launching a "War on Terror", an international military campaign that included the war in Afghanistan in 2001 and the Iraq War in 2003. Barack Obama January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017 On one hand, seemed to create policy which cut back on torture, on the other, was the most stringent on whistleblowers in terms of numbers of non-forgiven whistleblower cases and lack of leniency (ie, Kiriakou, Snowden)ORDER OF SECESSIONNo. Title1Deputy Director2Chief Operating Officer3Deputy Director of CIA for Operations4Deputy Director of CIA for AnalysisDIRECTORS NAMESAlpha•Brennan, John O (2013-2017)oCIA official March 8, 2013 to January 20, 2017; deputy executive CIA director in 2002 and 2003•Burns, WilliamoPresident-elect Joe Biden has named William Burns, a deputy secretary of state in the Obama administration, as his pick for CIA director, however, it’s currently unclear who will serve in the role until a new director is confirmed by the Senate. Forbes-2021/01/19 •Goss, Porter (2005-2006)o2005 - 2006 Goss, PorterApril 21, 2005 – May 5, 2006 George W. Bush era•Haspel, Gina Cheri (2018-? current as of 2020/01/19) •Hayden, Michael (2006-2009) o2006 -2009 Michael Hayden, CIA official May 30, 2006 – February 12, 2009 Bush/Obama era•Morell, Michael (2011, 2012 -2013) o2011 CIA Michael MorelloActing July 1, 2011 – September 6, 2011o•Panetta, Leon (2009-11) o2009 - 2011 Leon Panetta February 13, 2009 – June 30, 2011•Park, Meroe (2017 jan 20-23 acting) •Petraeus, David (2011-2012) o DCIA September 6, 2011 – November 9, 2012•Pompeo, Mike (2017-18) o2017 (01/23/2017 - present Donald Trump era) Mike Pompeo official CIA •Tenet, George John (1996-2004) oDecember 16, 1996 – July 11, 1997 Clinton oJuly 11, 1997 – July 11, 2004 Clinton/Bush By Year•1946-1946o(January 23, 1946–June 10, 1946) oRear Adm. Sidney W. Souers •1946-1947o(June 10, 1946–May 1, 1947)oU.S. Naval Reserve Lieut. Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg •1947-1950o(May 1, 1947–October 7, 1950)oU.S. Army Rear Adm. Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter •1950-1953o (October 7, 1950–February 9, 1953)oU.S. Navy Gen. Walter Bedell Smith •1953-1961 o(February 26, 1953–November 29, 1961)oU.S. Army Allen W. Dulles •1961-1965 o(November 29, 1961–April 28, 1965)oJohn A. McCone •1965-1966o(April 28, 1965–June 30, 1966)oVice Adm. William F. Raborn, Jr.•1966-1973 o(June 30, 1966–February 2, 1973)oU.S. Navy Richard M. Helms •1973-1973o(February 2, 1973–July 2, 1973)oJames R. Schlesinger •1973-1976 o(September 4, 1973–January 30, 1976) oWilliam E. Colby •1976-1977 o(January 30, 1976–January 20, 1977) oGeorge H.W. Bush •1977-1981 o(March 9, 1977–January 20, 1981)oAdm. Stansfield Turner, U.S. Navy •1981-1987o(January 28, 1981–January 29, 1987) oWilliam J. Casey •1987-1991o(May 26, 1987–August 31, 1991)oWilliam H. Webster •1991-1993 o(November 6, 1991–January 20, 1993)oRobert M. Gates •1993-1995 o(February 5, 1993–January 10, 1995)oR. James Woolsey•1995-1996 o(May 10, 1995–December 15, 1996)oJohn M. Deutch •1997-2004 o(July 11, 1997–July 11, 2004)oGeorge J. TenetoDecember 16, 1996 – July 11, 1997 ClintonoJuly 11, 1997 – July 11, 2004 Clinton/Bush•2004-2006 (September 24, 2004–May 26, 2006)Porter J. Goss •2006-2009 o(May 30, 2006–February 13, 2009)oGen. Michael V. Hayden, U.S. Air Force •2009-2011 o(February 13, 2009–June 30, 2011)oLeon E. Panetta •2011-2012 o(September 6, 2011–November 9, 2012)oGen. David Petraeus, U.S. Army •2012 - 2013 (11/09/2012 - 03/08/2013) CIA Michael Morell •2013-2017 o(March 8, 2013–January 20, 2017)oJohn Brennan •2017 (01/20/2017 - 01/23/2017 Donald Trump era) Meroe Park•2017-2018 oMike Pompeo o(January 23, 2017–April 26, 2018)•2018-2021oGina Haspel (May 21, 2018–Jan 2021 (resigned)•2021oBurns, WilliamoPresident-elect Joe Biden has named William Burns, a deputy secretary of state in the Obama administration, as his pick for CIA director, however, it’s currently unclear who will serve in the role until a new director is confirmed by the Senate.Source: The Editors of Encyclopaedia BritannicaARTICLES ON SELECT CIA DIRECTORSBrennan, John O.Wikipedia John O. BrennanIrish Catholic; has held various positions; Obama tried to put him in twice, with success the second time - human rights groups fought him the first time; voted Communist candidate at one pointhttps//en wikipedia org/wiki/John_O._BrennanDemocracy Now2013/01/30 John Kiriakou: For Embracing Torture, John Brennan a “Terrible Choice to Lead the CIA. https://www.democracynow.org/2013/1/30/whistleblower_john_kiriakou_for_embracing_torturePolitico 2014/12/09 John Brennan's zigzag on torture. Has Obama’s CIA director gone native? By Michael Crowley https://www.politico.com/story/2014/12/john-brennan-cia-torture-113456Excerpt: During his February 2013 confirmation hearings to be CIA director, John Brennan told senators he had come to doubt his previously held view — formed as a top agency official — that brutal CIA interrogation techniques had yielded valuable intelligence.Brennan came to question that premise, he told the Senate Intelligence Committee, after reading an unreleased summary of the panel’s 6,000-page report on the question. The report “raises serious questions about the information that I was given” while at the CIA, Brennan said. That echoed the committee’s finding that the CIA had misled Bush White House officials and the public about the effectiveness of tactics like waterboarding. “I do not know what the truth is,” Brennan said. Now that he leads the CIA, Brennan has returned to his original conclusion: The truth is on his agency’s side. In a statement responding to the public release of the report’s official summary Tuesday, Brennan defended his agency — and the fruits of severe interrogation practices.https://www.politico.com/story/2014/12/john-brennan-cia-torture-113456Washington Times 2017/05/29 Obama loyalist Brennan drove FBI to begin investigating Trump associates last summer. By Rowan Scarborough https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/may/29/john-brennan-obama-loyalist-and-cia-director-drove/What caused the Barack Obama administration to begin investigating the Donald Trump campaign last summer has come into clearer focus following a string of congressional hearings on Russian interference in the presidential election.It was then-CIA Director John O. Brennan, a close confidant of Mr. Obama’s, who provided the information — what he termed the “basis” — for the FBI to start the counterintelligence investigation last summer. Mr. Brennan served on the former president’s 2008 presidential campaign and in his White House.Mr. Brennan told the House Intelligence Committee on May 23 that the intelligence community was picking up tidbits on Trump associates making contacts with Russians. Mr. Brennan did not name either the Russians or the Trump people. He indicated he did not know what was said.https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/may/29/john-brennan-obama-loyalist-and-cia-director-drove/Youtube Brennan CIA Director John Brennan before SIChttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdhEn3CnuZoBurns, WilliamPresident-elect Joe Biden has named William Burns, a deputy secretary of state in the Obama administration, as his pick for CIA director, however, it’s currently unclear who will serve in the role until a new director is confirmed by the Senate.https://www.forbes.com/sites/jemimamcevoy/2021/01/19/cia-director-gina-haspel-announces-resignation/?sh=17b0b8037cf2Haspel, GinaForbes2021/01/19 CIA Director Hapsel announces resignationhttps://www.forbes.com/sites/jemimamcevoy/2021/01/19/cia-director-gina-haspel-announces-resignation/?sh=17b0b8037cf2Hayden, Michael2006 -2009 Michael Hayden, CIA official May 30, 2006 – February 12, 2009: Bush/Obama eraThe GuardianAmerica Torture CIA report defenders. BY Trevor Timm (12/09/2017)https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/dec/09/america-torture-cia-report-defendersExcerpt: Michael Hayden, the former NSA and CIA director in charge of lying to the Senate for years, was handed softball after softball by Bob Schieffer of CBS News to make his case. It is borderline propaganda.s Schieffer innocently asked Hayden a few days ago: “Do you know of anybody from the CIA, in your view, who lied to Congress about what was going on there?” Hayden’s name appears in the torture report more than 200 times, and most of the references document the various times he knowingly misled one government body or another. As media organizations continue turning to Hayden for comment time and again, they should understand the Senate report indicates that basically every time he’s opened his mouth about “enhanced interrogation” over the past decade, he’s has been lying.https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/dec/09/america-torture-cia-report-defendersThe New Yorker Michael Hayden comes out of the shadowshttps://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2016/03/07/michael-hayden-comes-out-of-the-shadowsPompeo, MikeWikipedia:Pompeo (current - Trump),https//en wikipediaorg/wiki/Director_of_the_Central_Intelligence_AgencyGoss, Porter2005 - 2006 Porter GossApril 21, 2005 – May 5, 2006: George W. Bush eraThe CIA's directors (George Tenet, Porter Goss and Michael Hayden) lied to members of the U.S. Congress, the White House and the Director of National Intelligence about the program’s effectiveness and the number of prisoners that the CIA heldhttps //en wikipedia org/wiki/Senate_Intelligence_Committee_report_on_CIA_tortureWikipedia: Senate Intelligence COmmitte Report on CIA tortureThe CIA's directors (George Tenet, Porter Goss and Michael Hayden) lied to members of the U.S. Congress, the White House and the Director of National Intelligence about the program’s effectiveness and the number of prisoners that the CIA heldhttps //en wikipedia org/wiki/Senate_Intelligence_Committee_report_on_CIA_tortureTenet, George JohnDecember 16, 1996 – July 11, 1997 ClintonJuly 11, 1997 – July 11, 2004 Clinton/BushThe second-longest-serving director in the agency's history—behind Allen Welsh Dulles—as well as one of the few DCIs to serve under two U.S. presidents of opposing political parties. He played a key role in overseeing the intelligence behind the Iraq War.HRW: Getting away with torture: Bush Admin and mistreatment detaineeshttps://www.hrw.org/report/2011/07/12/getting-away-torture/bush-administration-and-mistreatment-detaineesCIA Director George Tenet: authorized and oversaw the CIA’s use of waterboarding, near suffocation, stress positions, light and noise bombardment, sleep deprivation, and other forms of torture and ill-treatment. He was a member of the NSC Principals Committee that approved the use of torture in the CIA interrogation program. Under Tenet's direction, the CIA also “disappeared” detainees by holding them in long-term incommunicado detention in secret locations, and rendered (transferred) detainees to countries in which they were likely to be tortured and were tortured.https://www.hrw.org/report/2011/07/12/getting-away-torture/bush-administration-and-mistreatment-detaineesWikipedia: Senate Intelligence COmmitte Report on CIA tortureThe CIA's directors (George Tenet, Porter Goss and Michael Hayden) lied to members of the U.S. Congress, the White House and the Director of National Intelligence about the program’s effectiveness and the number of prisoners that the CIA heldhttps //en wikipedia org/wiki/Senate_Intelligence_Committee_report_on_CIA_tortureGENERAL INPUT ON CIA DIRECTORS, PRESIDENTS, ETC.Several Directors Alleged or Real Lying About TortureThe CIA's directors (George Tenet, Porter Goss and Michael Hayden) lied to members of the U.S. Congress, the White House and the Director of National Intelligence about the program’s effectiveness and the number of prisoners that the CIA heldhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Senate_Intelligence_Committee_report_on_CIA_tortureObama and CIA suggested to have meddled in electionsAIM: Corrupt CIA Feeds Crooked Media. By Cliff Kincaid (12/13/2016)http://www.aim.org/aim-column/corrupt-cia-feeds-crooked-media/Excerpt: It seems clear at this point that the corruption in the media has spread to the CIA. An investigation is certainly needed. It should be conducted into the various former and current CIA officials who have been using the agency and their associations with the agency to wage war against the duly-elected president of the United States. It may turn out to be the case that the real government meddling in our elections has been from the Obama administration and its CIAhttp://www.aim.org/aim-column/corrupt-cia-feeds-crooked-media/Rodriguez, JoseDestruction of CIA Interrogation TapesPBShttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/why-you-never-saw-the-cias-interrogation-tapes/Excerpt from PBS: hundreds of hours of videotaped “enhanced interrogations” of two Al Qaeda suspects in CIA detention, that included the use of techniques widely described as torture. As FRONTLINE details in tonight’s new documentary, Secrets, Politics and Torture, those tapes would never see the light of day. Their destruction was ordered by Jose Rodriguez, then the CIA’s top operations officehttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/why-you-never-saw-the-cias-interrogation-tapes/https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/secrets-politics-and-torture/Sousahttps://news.vice.com/article/cia-sabrina-de-sousa-blames-hillary-clinton-extradition-to-italyA former CIA counterterrorism officer who is set to be extradited to Italy where she faces a four-year prison sentence in connection with the rendition of a suspected terrorist that took place in Milan in 2003 said Hillary Clinton is partially to blame for her ordeal. Sabrina De Sousa, two-dozen other CIA officers, and an Air Force colonel were convicted in absentia in 2009 in Italy on kidnapping and other charges in connection with the abduction of Osama Mustapha Hassan Nasr, better known as Abu Omar, a radical Egyptian cleric whose fiery anti-American speeches in the immediate aftermath of 9/11 attracted the attention of the CIA. It was the first and only prosecution and conviction involving Americans connected to the CIA's highly controversial rendition, detention, and interrogation program and the fallout has ensnared two administrations.https //news vice com/article/cia-sabrina-de-sousa-blames-hillary-clinton-extradition-to-italyUpdates: 2021/02/08 more editing; 2021/02/07 links deactivation process started on this page.
CIA-1 Directors•Brief History•Order of Secession•Directors oNames - ▪Alpha by Last Name▪By Year•Articles on CIA Directors - Select•General Input on CIA Directors, Presidents, etc
Presidents 1960s to 1970sEisenhower 1953-1961Kennedy 1961-1963Johnson (1963-1969)Nixon (1969-1974Ford (1974-1977)Carter 1977-19811978-1979 Iranian Revolution1979 Feb 11 Monarchy toppled, Islamic republic startedPresidents 1980s to PresentREAGAN Ronald Reagan 01/20/1981 – January 20, 19891980-1988 Iran and Iraq War1986 Jan 28 The Iran-Contra Affair was a secret U.S. arms deal that traded missiles and other arms to free some Americans held hostage by terrorists in Lebanon, but also used funds from the arms deal to support armed conflict in Nicaragua.The controversial deal—and the ensuing political scandal—threatened to bring down the presidency of Ronald Reagan.--History dot comBUSH SR George H. W. Bush 01/20/1989 – 01/20/1993First Gulf WarCLINTON Bill Clinton January 20, 1993 – January 20, 20012000 The USS Cole bombing was a suicide attack by the terrorist group al Qaeda against USS Cole, a guided missile destroyer of the United States Navy, on 12 October 2000, while she was being refueled in Yemen's Aden harbor.1999 January 07 impeachment trial begins1995 November Clinton began an affair with Monica Lewinsky, a 21-year-old unpaid intern. Over a year and a half, the president and Lewinsky hadseveral sexual encounters.--History dot comBUSH JR George Walker Bush 01/20/2001 – 01/20/2009was president for much of the CIA/prison abuses OBAMA Obama, Barach 01/20/2009 – 01/20/2017Childhood: Hawaii, Washington State, Indonesia Adult years: Columbia Univ., Chicago, Harvard Law SchoolCommunity Organizer in Chicago, Civil Rights Attorney and professor, constitutional lawTRUMP01/20/2017 -01/20/2021BIDEN01/20/2021-
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