Resources and Input Policing, Borders, Drugs, Cartels and System Corruption
Topics Topics… CALEXICO, Calif. (KKTV) - Authorities discovered an underground tunnel that investigators believe drug traffickers were planning to use near the U.S.-Mexico border. In early August, the U.S. immigration and Customs Enforcement shared details on the discovery with the public. The 183-foot long subterranean tunnel was found in Mexicali, just south of the international border. The sophisticated tunnel ran just 3 feet north of the border wall but didn’t have an exit on the U.S. side of the border. 10 News 2021/08/09 ICE: Drug tunnel discovered in Mexicali, near US-Mexico border. Jermaine Ong SAN DIEGO (KGTV) -- A tunnel used by a drug trafficking organization was discovered inside a home near the U.S.-Mexico border last week, Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials said. July Business Insider 2021/07/26 The 'US-Mexico border is literally riddled with tunnels' tunnels/slidelist/53986014.cms#slideid=53986045 Excerpt: Narco tunnels have proliferated along the US-Mexico border, but it was the Sinaloa cartel that pioneered this method of subterranean smuggling, first in its area of influence along the Arizona border, expanding all along the frontier as the cartel grew in power…The Sinaloa cartel's tunneling activity is heavily concentrated in the Tijuana area. Many of them have been found to stretch from Garita de Otay, an industrial area in the northern part of the city, to Otay Mesa, a neighborhood in San Diego that "consists of highways, strip malls, and a few hundred warehouses clustered near the border."…The industrial activity and infrastructure on both sides of the border in the Tijuana-San Diego area has been a boon to smugglers…ndustrial activity, as well as the flow of people and cargo between Tijuana and San Diego, provides excellent cover for illegal activity. "The bottom line is, you can probably shoot a bullet in the air and it’ll land on a warehouse that’s doing something illegal in this area," Tim Durst, then the supervisor of the San Diego Tunnel Task Force, told GQ in 2014…One of the Sinaloa cartel's first tunneling gurus was Felipe de Jesus Corona- Verbera, who graduated from architecture school at the University of Guadalajara in 1980. Corona, who was close with Guzmán, was the driving force behind the cartel's first major tunnel, which connected Agua Prieta in Mexico with Douglas, Arizona…The Sinaloa cartel later had another tunnel mastermind: Jose Sanchez- Villalobos…Villalobos was an adept manager who coordinated multiple tunnel projects while keeping a low profile. “Nothing I’ve ever seen criminally has worked as efficiently as it did when he was the boss,” an agent told The New Yorker… Daily Mail 2021/07/30 El Chapo’s drug tunnel architect is jailed for 10 years for creating underground passageways fitted with rail tracks, hydraulic steel doors and elevators to shuttle narcotics from Mexico to California. . By Adry Torres. 10-years-priso Concho Valley Home Page dot com 2021/07/29 Rep. Pfluger’s bill to seal tunnels between U.S. and Mexico advanced by House Committee on Homeland Security. By Senora Scott mexico-advanced-by-house-committee-on-homeland-security/ May CBS8 dot com 2021/05/07 Drug tunnel discovered in Tijuana. Mexican Federal Police described the tunnel as "sophisticated." 0f703497-a13e-4704-82b7-56d1afdf1ccc 2020 March AP News 2020/03/31 "US finds major cross-border tunnel used to smuggle drugs". https //en wikipedia org/wiki/Smuggling_tunnel#:~:text=As%20of%20September%2030%2C%202015,US%20Border%20Patrol%20task %20force. January AP News 2020/01/29 January Authorities find longest Southwest border smuggling tunnel By ELLIOT SPAGAT The tunnel exposes limitations of President Donald Trump’s border wall, which stretches several feet underground in the area and is considered effective against small, crudely built tunnels often called “gopher holes.” The one announced Wednesday was found about 70 feet (21 meters) underground, well below the wall. *Following the discovery in August, Mexican law enforcement identified the entrance and U.S. investigators mapped the tunnel that extends a total of 4,309 feet. (1,313 meters). The next longest tunnel in the U.S. was discovered in San Diego in 2014. It was 2,966 feet (904 meters) long. DEA 2020/03/31 San Diego Tunnel Task Force uncovers sophisticated cross-border drug tunnel under the U.S./Mexico border. (Note: San Diego John W. Callery, Special Agent in Charge) Federal agents seize 4,400 pounds of illicit drugs from the tunnel’s exit in the U.S. https //www dea gov/press-releases/2020/03/31/san-diego-tunnel-task-force-uncovers-sophisticated-cross- border-drug Excerpt: SAN DIEGO – Federal agents on the San Diego Tunnel Task Force uncovered a sophisticated drug smuggling tunnel on Thursday, March 19, which extends under the United States-Mexico border to a warehouse in a commercial complex in the Otay Mesa area of San Diego. The discovery of the tunnel resulted from an ongoing investigation by members on the San Diego Tunnel Task Force, which include Homeland Security Investigations, U.S. Border Patrol, the Drug Enforcement Administration and the United States Attorney’s Office. https //www dea gov/press-releases/2020/03/31/san-diego-tunnel-task-force-uncovers-sophisticated-cross- border-drug Fox News 2020/09/24 From bomb-affixed drones to narco tanks and ventilated tunnels: How well-equipped are the Mexican cartels? By Hollie McKay Arsenals are expanding and advancing as profits increase, experts warn Guardian 4309 ft tunnel - Below are 2020 articles from an August 2019* tunnel discovery 2020/01/29 Tunnel discovered on US-Mexico border is longest ever ... Independent 4309 ft tunnel - Below are 2020 articles from an August 2019* tunnel discovery 2020/01/30 Authorities have not named any suspects but the area where the tunnel began has been a stronghold of Mexico’s Sinaloa cartel, whose longtim leder Joaquin El New York Post 2020/02/27 Smuggling Tunnel dug by hand discovered at US Mexico border. By Kenneth Garger https //nypost com/2020/02/27/smuggling-tunnel-dug-by-hand-discovered-at-us-mexico-border/ Tucson Sentinel 2020/02/27 New cross-border smuggling tunnel found in Nogales, first of 2020. By Paul Ingram. http //www tucsonsentinel com/local/report/022720_nogales_tunnel/new-cross-border-smuggling- tunnel-found-nogales-first-2020/ 2018 Daily Mail Feds find a tunnel leading from the kitchen of an old KFC in Arizona to a trap door in a bedroom in Mexico which smugglers pulled bags of drugs along using a rope Mexico.html January Fox News 2018/01/30 Border Patrol agents find tunnel in El Paso that connects city to storied past https //www foxnews com/us/border-patrol-agents-find-tunnel-in-el-paso-that-connects-city-to-storied-past Border Patrol agents in El Paso, Texas found a 75-foot tunnel along the U.S. bank of the Rio Grande river – and one former Border Patrol chief believes its origins could go back 100 years. 2016 Cross-Border Tunnels and Border Tunnel Prevention: Fiscal Year 2015 Report to Congress (Report). United States Department of Homeland Security U.S. Customs and Border Protection. 2016. p. 6. Retrieved 22 December 2018. As of September 30, 2015, 183 illicit cross-border tunnels have been discovered in the United States since Fiscal Year 1990 2015 ABC7 I Team Investigation By Chuck Goudie 2015/10/23 Fed shut down cartel supertunnel San Diego area with pipelines to Chicago and Midwest. Feds shut down cartel supertunnel that fed into Chicago Excerpt: The top drug enforcement agent in Chicago keeps an eye on Mexico's drug cartels, primarily the Sinaloa cartel owned and operated by Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. It is no coincidence that El Chapo escaped a maximum security prison by tunnel last summer as his operatives are skilled tunnel engineers and builders. The cross-border tunnel discovered by U.S. authorities on Wednesday is, they say, one of the longest and most elaborate underground passageways they have ever seen. Equipped with a lighting and ventilation system, the drug smuggling subway…According to U.S. authorities the passageway stretched about 2,600 feet, which would make it one of the longest ever built under the U.S.-Mexico border. ABC News dot go 2020/08/20 Look Inside the Underwater Drug Smuggling Tunnel Between Mexico and the US The tunnel stretched between Calexico and Mexicali. ByMICHELLE KIM 2014 AP-Associated Press Billeaud (14 January 2014). "How tunnels are built, used along U.S.-Mexico border". KPBS. Nogales, Arizona. Associated Press. Retrieved 4 April 2014. Arizona Central (AZ Central dot com) 2014/11/12 "Largest-ever drug tunnel in Nogales found". Retrieved 12 November 2014 National Post 2014/01/15 How Mexico drug tunnels are built and a closer look at the new border agency robots that will patrol t hem. By AP https //nationalpost com/news/how-mexico-drug-tunnels-are-built-and-a-closer-look-at-the-new-border-agency- robots-that-will-patrol-them 2013 San Diego Tribune 2013/10/31 Since 1990, law enforcement officials have discovered more than 140 tunnels underneath the U.S. border. By U-T SAN DIEGO International Journal of Criminology and Sociology. 2. 2013 Lichtenwald, Terrance G.; Perri, Frank S. (2013). "Terrorist Use of Smuggling Tunnels". 2012 AP - Associated Press 2012/12/28 "Mexican Authorities Find Smuggling Tunnel Equipped With Electricity Near Border". KILT (AM). Associated Global Post 2012/07/10 "Mexico's army finds drug tunnel to Arizona". 2011 Insight Crime 2011/11/16 Tunnel Detection Technology at Mexico Border: Worth the Effort? ANALYSISWritten by Elyssa Pachico mexico-border-worth-the-effort/ Inside Homeland Security 2011 Spring 9(1) Lichtenwald, Terrance G.; Perri, Frank S. "Smuggling Tunnels:The Need for a Transnational Analysis". 2010 BBC 2010/11/26 "Second Mexico-US drug tunnel found in Tijuana". Wikipedia https //en wikipedia org/wiki/Smuggling_tunnel#:~:text=As%20of%20September%2030%2C%202015,US%20Border%20Patrol% 20task%20force. Excerpt: As of September 30, 2015, 183 illicit cross-border tunnels have been discovered in the United States since Fiscal Year 1990.[7] On January 25, 2006, a tunnel was found on the US-Mexico border by a joint US Drug Enforcement Administration, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and US Border Patrol task force. The 2,400- foot (730 m) long tunnel runs from a warehouse near the Tijuana airport to a warehouse in San Diego. When discovered, it was devoid of people, but it did contain 2 short tons (1,800 kg) of marijuana. It was 5 feet (1.5 m) high and up to 90 feet (27 m) deep. The floor was made of cement, and the walls were exposed clay, with lights lining one side, a ventilation system to keep fresh air circulating, and a water drainage system to remove infiltrating ground water. Authorities said it was unclear how long the tunnel had been in operation….On January 30, US Immigrations and Customs Enforcement agents arrested a Mexican citizen who was linked to the tunnel via the US warehouse, operated by V&F Distributors LLC. On the Friday before, January 27, immigration authorities reportedly received information that the Mexican cartel behind the operation was threatening the lives of any agents involved with the construction or occupation of the tunnel. US Customs and Immigration, however, pledged to protect them as best they could. Authorities believe Tijuana's Arellano-Felix drug syndicate, or some other well-known drug cartel, was behind the building and operation of the tunnel.[8] On November 26, 2010, a 2,600-foot (790 m) tunnel was discovered linking Tijuana to Otay Mesa, San Diego, California.[9] In the same month another tunnel was discovered between these two cities. Both tunnels were discovered by a San Diego task force and are believed to be the work of Mexico's Sinaloa cartel. Over 40 short tons (36,000 kg) of cannabis was found and confiscated between the two.[10]…An analysis of US-Mexico smuggling tunnels, the US-Canada smuggling tunnel, and the smuggling tunnels in Rafah, Gaza Strip, was completed by Lichtenwald and Perri as part of a transnational analysis of smuggling tunnels.[11][12] Lichtenwald and Perri outlined sources and methods for evaluating which tunnels are used by different populations in various parts of the world to smuggle contraband that does not threaten a nation’s security, which tunnels that smuggle contraband that does threaten a nation’s security, and hybrid tunnels that smuggle contraband that threaten a nation’s security as well as that which does not. In December 2012, a tunnel 3 feet in diameter and 100 yards long, with electricity and ventilation, was found near the Nogales, Arizona, port of entry.[13] Since 1990, there have been almost 170 tunnels found leading into Mexico, mostly in Arizona and California.[14] On February 14, 2014 another underground drug tunnel was discovered in Nogales…. The tunnel spanned 481 feet (147 m), or longer than 1.5 American football fields. The tunnel was being used to smuggle marijuana and other drugs into the US. Another 590 pounds (270 kg) of marijuana was seized after federal agents stopped a vehicle they saw driving away from the residence. Some 46 pounds (21 kg) of marijuana and 0.5 pounds (0.23 kg) of heroin were found inside the tunnel. Three people have been arrested in connection with the bust.[15] On March 19th, 2020, a tunnel connecting Tijuana to San Diego was discovered by the San Diego Tunnel Task Force. The tunnel extended 2,000 feet (610 m) and was outfitted with an underground rail system, ventilation and lighting. Over 1,300 pounds (590 kilograms) of cocaine, 86 pounds (39 kilograms) of methamphetamine, 17 pounds (7.7 kilograms) of heroin, 3,000 pounds (1,360 kilograms) of marijuana and 2 pounds (0.9 kilograms) of fentanyl were seized.[16] List of References from Wikipedia on Smuggling Tunnels, includes non-USA tunnels. Grieshaber, Kirsten (2019-11-07). "Escape tunnel underneath Berlin Wall opens to public". Associated Press. Retrieved 2019-01-07. "Slovaks find railway smuggling tunnel to Ukraine". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-03-01. "Hiding places where smugglers concealed contraband". Retrieved 2014-03-01. Salkeld, Luke (2 HISTORIC Daily Mail 7 February 2008). "Builders unearth 200-year-old smuggling network in Cornish pub | Daily Mail Online". Daily Mail. Retrieved 15 December 2015. El Paso -Possible Opium Smuggling Tunnel of 1900-1920 near El Paso, Texas Fox News 2018/01/30 Border Patrol agents find tunnel in El Paso that connects city to storied past past Border Patrol agents in El Paso, Texas found a 75-foot tunnel along the U.S. bank of the Rio Grande river – and one former Border Patrol chief believes its origins could go back 100 years. PARAGUAY PRISON TUNNEL New York Times 2020/01/19 75 Drug Cartel Members Tunnel Out of Paraguay Prison. By Santi Carneri and Ernesto Londoño https //www nytimes co /2020/01/19/world/americas/paraguay-prison-escape-tunnelhtml National Post 2020/01/20 Highly dangerous people': Brazilian cartel uses tunnel to free 75 inmates from Paraguay prison With more than 10,000 members, the PCC is one of Brazil’s largest criminal organizations prisoners-from-paraguay-prison In a feat reminiscent of Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, at least 75 members of one of South America’s most notorious criminal gangs launched a spectacular jail break in Paraguay. The prisoners, including six alleged contract killers, appear to have fled through a large tunnel, the newspaper ABC reported. The justice ministry initially said 91 had escaped, and later reduced that figure to 75. All 75 remain at large in the area around the Brazil-Paraguay border; among them are an estimated 40 Brazilians and the remainder Paraguayans. The tunnel, which started in a cell and ended outside the prison walls, may have been a red herring to mask the fact that most of the escapees simply walked out of the main door, Interior Minister Euclides Acevedo told the TV station Telefuturo. Investigators believe some of them may even have left the prison in previous days, he said. The prisoners were members of the drug gang First Command of the Capital, known as PCC, Justice Minister Cecilia Perez told Telefuturo. With more than 10,000 members, the PCC is one of Brazil’s largest criminal organizations. The PCC dominates the drug trade and prisons in Sao Paulo and in recent years has expanded its operations into other countries including Paraguay. prisoners-from-paraguay-prison
Tunnels - Smuggling Articles By Year, (BORDERS-8c)
Borders: 8a 8b 8c Articles by Year o 2021 August July May 2020 o March o January 2018 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Historic - possible opium 1900-1920 - near El Paso, Texas- o Border Patrol agents find tunnel in El Paso that connects city to storied past Fox News-2018/01/30 Other Countries’ Tunnels o Paraguay ------ ARTICLES BY YEAR Note: several of these articles came from the source list in Wikipedia, excerpted down at bottom of this by-year list 2021 August KKTV 2021/08/10 Sophisticated’ underground tunnel discovered near US- Mexico border